CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF LABOR UNREST IN THE NIGERIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM
This project work delved into the causes and effects of labour unrest in Nigeria Local Government System using Igalamela/Odolu local government as a case study. In order to guide us, some hypotheses were formulated. Based on the hypotheses, questions were generated and administered to some selected population and the data collected were analyzed. From the data analysis, some findings were arrived at among which were the fact that irregular payment of salaries in the local government causes labour unrest, and that labour unrest leads to low productivity and poor service delivery. In order to overcome these problems, some recommendations were made which include the need to pay workers’ salaries regularly and deemphasize political patronage in staff recruitment in the local government.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Labour Management Conflict has become a feature of Nigerian organizations in the recent past especially in the public sector organizations including local government councils. Records available have shown that there was conflict between labour and management of their respective organizations in the past decades. The one in the present dispensation, particularly as from late 1990’s, appears to be more frequent. While it is expected that labour and management should work harmoniously together with a view to achieving the common goals of the organization, this expectation is not always fulfilled in the real life. This is because in most cases labour and management tend to have divergent views.
This divergence arises from the different expectations of the two parties.
The foregoing situations have caused labour management unrest over the years. Hence, this study is out to find out the causes and consequences of such conflicts on both the local government as an organization and the employees with a view to finding solutions to this endemic problem in the local government.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In any organization, conflict is its number one enemy. This is true because no meaningful achievement can be recorded in the face of crisis or conflict in an organization.
It is however disturbing that management-labour relation in the local government councils in Nigeria has been strained all these years especially since drawn of democratic governance in May 29th, 1999 to date. Studies carried out by many social scientists have indicated that productivity in the local government has been nose-diving due to labour unrest. This situation is very dangerous if allowed to continue unchecked, because as we know local government as the closest level of government to the people ought to chart the course of development for the entire society. The absence of tranquility between labour and management will therefore affect this development of the entire society.