CONSTRUCTION OF SOAP CUTTING DEVICE. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPIC ON CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
The aim of the project is to construct a soap cutting device capable of size-remaining the soap produced into regular bars and tablets without error in shapes and sizes.
Soap cutting devices are used to size reduce or cut the bulk of soap produced into bars and tablets. Soap cutting devices facilitate the process of cutting the produced soap to a required size that can be handled. It is a kind of modern technical way of size reducing the already produced soap in a modern and easy way.
Hardwood (Mohagany) and wire was selected for the construction of the project. Methodology of the construction involved marketing out operation which involved the dimensioning of the table and cutter (wire) – 760mm, width of the table -570mm, lenfth used as an 250mm etc.
Other operations carried out in the construction process includes, cutting, surface smoothening, grooving, nailing, and wine installation.
Finally a manual soap cutter with table was constructed with the following turbance, resistance to impact load / disturbance and branding force, reliability and accuracy.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The project entitled construction of soap cutting device is aimed at producing equipment for the size-reduction of manufactured soap into shape, size, design and patterns.
Soap cutting device is the equipment used for cutting or size-reducing of soaps. It is the tool used for cutting, size reducing and slicing bulks of much trial and error, soap catter of various size and shape used in larger production of soaps are being designed, and example is the current professional custom cutter. The cutter has satisfied the needs of many soap makers around the world.
Other soap cutter types includes; electrical embossing and cutting machine, pneumatic chain cutting machine, cutter with wooden tuble cutting mould guided soap cutter, straight blade cutter, wavy blade cutter. (Willow, 1996). All these cutters serve the purpose of soap cutting and packaging in various soap electrical industries . for instance the electrical embossing and cutting machine can be used to emboss and cut all kinds of toilet and laundry soap fast and accurate. In the case of toilet soap production , this machine will cut the soap billets from the plodder into long bars to faced into laundry soap production, a complete set of embossing mechanism can be install at the front so that the machine can emboss and cut the soaps at the same time to produce finished product for down stream packaging.
The pneumatic chain cutting machine type cuts the bar soap from vacuum plodders into specialized length of bar. The cutting machines is fitted with XL 200, XL 280 and XLD 480 cold stamper to cut double soap bars. The cutting moulds types is designed in such a way that their bottom are grooved for cutting completely through the soap. A cutting moulds set can be used to soap from many plain moulds cutting with a wooden table is also a type of soap cutting designed to cutual soap cutting cherries. It is a manual soap cutter designed to cut large blocks of soap within minutes manually. It comes with extra cutting frame, wire and tables for different full size bars and hotel size bars. It is compact in size, curable and easy to clean and operate.