EFFECT OF CREATIVE ACCOUNTING ON STAKEHOLDERS WEALTH (A CASE STUDY OF 5 QUOTED BANKS IN THE NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The current business environment and even more economic recession, have in recent times pushed the top management of many organizations into paying
attention to how to make the financial statements of their organizations look better in order to attract investors by manipulating figures in their financial
statement either by increasing or decreasing the figures depending on what they want to achieve at the moment using aggressive or creative accounting
otherwise known as financial statement fraud (Anumaka, 2007).
In recent times, fraud has been discovered to pose a big threat on organizations. It is a big risk which can incur a very big cost leading to a lot of problems of
which on other problem s is loss of confidence of shareholders and the public. This research tries to find solution to financial statement fraud. Another area
which the research work will focus on is ‘’auditor involvement in solving creative accounting problems. The researcher will also look into corporate
governance as a tool in fraud detection and prevention.
According to Osisioma and Enahoro (2006), accounting processes and choice of policies resulting from many judgments at the same time are capable of
manipulation, which have resulted in creative accounting. The dierences
which are observed in financial reporting are legitimately prepared from choice of
varied accounting polices of the same organization for the same period, has brought about challenges of credibility to accounting (financial statements and reporting).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Creative accounting and earning management are euphemisms for accounting practices that tend to circumvent, albeit, cleverly, or manipulate the rules of
standard accounting practices or the spirit of those values. They are characterized by dubious complications and use of ‘novel’ ways of presenting income,
assets or liabilities.
There are many reports of price manipulation, profit overstatement, and accounts falsification by some dubious stewards which rendered the financial
The business failures of the past decade however, have been closely associated with corporate governance failure which involves a
number of parties, management board of directors, auditors and some investors (Ezeani, 2010).
Most business organizations have always been connected with fraud and have always been acted
by financial collapses. Recently, accounting scandals like
Enran, World Com, Parmalat, Tyco, etc. have cost not only billions of dollarsto the stakeholders but also have damaged the accounting profession as a result
of financial mis-representation.
Most of the standards set for the accounting (Audit) report have been eroded.