DIABETES A LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IN NIGERIA, HOW NURSES THROUGH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION COULD INCREASE DIABETES AWARENESS AMONG NIGERIANS
Diabetes is a non-communicable disease that has attained great significance in the sub-Saharan region, with Nigeria being the most affected. Many persons with the condition suffer a reduced life expectancy and quality of life. Diabetes places an extra burden on the individuals and families affected, especially for the majority of patients unable to access quality health care. The study is on diabetes a leading causes of death in Nigeria, how nurses through education and health promotion could increase diabetes awareness among Nigerians.The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected health center in AkwaIbom State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up nurses,lab technician,senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
Background of the study
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).There is no cure for diabetes. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy. (www.medicalnewstoday.com)It is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.Persons with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood. This problem can start when a person is young (Type 1 diabetes) or older (Type 2 diabetes). Type 1 diabetes is usually more serious, this can only be control by insulin (drug/Injection). Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. Diabetes requires daily self care and if complications develop, diabetes can have a significant impact on quality of life and can reduce life expectancy. While there is currently no cure for diabetes, you can live an enjoyable life by learning about the condition and effectively managing it.