INFLUENCE OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON FAMILY RELATIONSHIP AMONG COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
The study examined the influence of domestic violence on family relationship among couples in Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State. Descriptive research survey design was used, while a self-designed questionnaire was used as the major instrument.
A total of 102 respondents were sampled. Four null hypotheses were formulated and tested using the independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance.
At the end of the analyses, the result shows that:
1. There is a significant difference between domestic violence and family relationship among new couples and the aged ones.
2. There is a significant difference between domestic violence and family relationship among Christian and Muslim families in Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.
3. There is a significant difference between the emotional stability of children of parents who engaged in domestic violence and those who do not.
4. There is no significant difference in the prevalent rate of domestic violence among male and female spouses in the area.
1.1Background to the Study
Domestic abuse is a problem that is entrenched in many society across the globe and Nigeria is not exception. Research in this area has shown that this type of violence has touched the lives of many Nigerian couples. Although societal awareness and condemnation of the issue has increased in recent years. Domestic violence remain a hidden and persistent problem because of the power and control held by the abuser, the fear, intimidation and humiliation suffered by the victim of this crime.
The oldest and most prevalent institution in the world today is the marriage institution. In all culture, there is a particular sanctity attached to this institution, so much that it is particularly considered to be a building block of any society.
The pivotal position of marriage has made domestic violence a subject of interest to various disciplines, government, religious sects and professional associations.
American Psychological Association (APA) (1996) defined domestic violence as a pattern of abusive behaviour including a wide range of physical, sexual, and psychological maltreatment used by a person in an intimate relationship against another to gain power unfairly or to maintain that person misuse of power, control and authority. If the abuse between intimate partners in which one person tries to control the other person through violence. Domestic violence is other wise called spousal abuse.
The role of spouse in family relationship is significant, such that some people have acclaimed it to the power of surviving family adjustment. However, this role has its own problems. some spouses have been found to be abused in various forms, ranging from sexual to financial abuse and communicative abuse. All these have implication on family relationship.