THE EFFECT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE LEARNING AND TEACHING OF ECONOMICS IN
SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA
The study aimed at examining the effects of economics instructional materials on the learning and teaching of economics as well the effects of these instructional materials on the academic performance of some secondary school students in some selected secondary schools in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos state. A well designed and simple questionnaire was distributed to economics teachers in these selected schools to accurately evaluate the effect of instructional materials on the application of learning economics in secondary schools in Nigeria. Concerning methodology used for the study, the researcher adopted the survey research design with a sample size of twenty (20) teachers and eighty (80) students selected using a stratified sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data was used for the study. Questionnaires formed the basis for primary data for the study, while text books, internet, journals and magazines were the secondary sources of data for the study. The finding are testing hypothesis three indicates that there will be a significant positive difference
in the performance of secondary school students in Economics language when they are taught the subject with instructional materials. The use of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of Economics obviously improves the performance of students. Schools should provide enough instructional materials to enable teachers clarify their lesson. Adequate infrastructure facilities and conclusive atmosphere are Sine Qua Non for effective learning and retention of what is learnt. Schools should send their Economics teachers to seminars and workshops in order to up date their knowledge.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The influence of instructional materials in promoting students’ academic performance and teaching and learning in educational development is indisputable. The teaching of Economics in Nigerian secondary schools needs to be properly handled. The materials used by teachers to teach and drive home their subject points at the primary and secondary school levels of our education system is incontrovertibly a paramount important issue in practical classroom interaction and successful transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the learners. Instructional materials are materials which assist teachers to make their lessons explicit to learners.