FABRICATION OF BRIQUETTE STOVE. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPIC ON CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
This project is an equipment which been fabricated for the principle purpose of producing heat energy for commercial use by burning solid fuel like briquette. The project which is the fabrication of briquette stove was made from preferentially selected engineering materials like mild steels of different gauge member and metallic rod.
These metallic materials posses some mechanical properties like malleability, ductility, static strength and have the capability of with standing high tensile stress which can be noted in the area of filming of the materials used in the fabrication.
During fabrication, the follow sequence of operation was undergone. This includes design-material selection-fabrication evolution-and possible redesign and or modification. Screw design was found to be an area requiring major design improvement. Several experiments were conducted with different screw design, and an optimum design was arrived at. Problems concerning screw life was studied to enhance operating life of screws. Prototype briquetting machines were also fabricated after adaptive research in early day when briquette stove fabrication and construction.
The fabrication process of the metallic materials (briquette stove) include measuring out, marking out, cutting, filing, welding and painting as finishing touches. The materials used in the fabrication of this equipment are selected in order to withstanding the service environment like corrosion due to external agent; air, moisture and also due to continuous production of flame and heat especially on the reflector, gauze and top plate of the equipment stove.
The technology did not attract enough attention until recent time when the consumption of energy escalated to a greater height; an attempt was made to introduce this technology to Nigeria to alleviate the problem of energy and cooking equipment.
After the fabrication of the project, the efficiency of the briquette stove fabricated was tested and raised to be 89% effective, which shows and vindicates that the aim of the fabrication was achieved.
At the end of the fabrication, the cost of materials, labour and overhead costs were calculated on analytical bases, to ensure accuracy of the fabrication and its general usage.
About fifty percent of the ten million rural household lack access to electricity. To improve this situation, the government approved in 1996 a plan to electrify sixty percent of the households by 2000 and seventy percent by 2010. Despite an aggressive grid bases rural electrification program, there will remain over 3million rural household having no access to electricity in 2010.
Nigeria is well endowed with renewable energy resources. Which could be used to generate electricity to serve rural communities and the national grid in an effective, economic and environmentally way. Hydropower potential for small-scale generation (under 10 mw/site) is estimated at about 2,000 mw. With sugar and rice production expanding rapidly, opportunities exist for economic power generation using bagasse and rice husk. Solar radiation levels are good in the southern and central regions (with an average sunshine duration of 2,750 hours/year). Wind speeds are adequate to good in the coastal arrears and offshore islands. Over the past two decades many pilot projects have been undertaken in Vietnam to demonstrate the technical feasibility of renewable energy technologies for remote power supply. These demonstration projects have built indigenous technical capacity in small hydro, solar PV and small wind turbine.
The infrastructure facilities in Vietnam are adequate to manufacture heated-die screw-press briquetting machines based on adaptation and modification of foreign briquetting technologies. With this background, the sida-funded project attempted to develop a market for briquette and briquetting machines in the country.
To gather expertise in the technology, institute of energy of Vietnam sent researchers to AIT as well as to Bangladesh institute of technology (BIT) Khulna. The researchers gained hand-on exercise in the operation and maintenance of briquetting machines.