THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PARTY POLITICS
The project is specifically carried out the problem of party system formation on Nigeria Democracy, the problem of ethnicity and region, the impact of parties formation in Nigeria. The role of political parties in Nigeria republic. However content analysis was adopted to capture the problem of part system formation in Nigeria. Finding was based on fact finding from journals, news, papers, magazine, seminar presentation and textbooks e.t.c conclusion and recommendation was made on the basis of the findings on impact of party system formation on Nigeria Democracy. In conclusion, the key to the success of stable and democracy is the sincerely and dedication of political actors.
Like most of the developing heterogeneous and multi ethnic socialist, Nigeria a plural society has been faced with problems of instituting a stable and democratically elected form of government, despite attempt made by previous administration towards getting this situation now a common trend in third world countries curbed.
Prior to the attainment of independence in 1960 the struggle was between the national list leaders and the colonial masters, which was aimed at the liberation of Nigeria from colonial dominance. Within this period, the issued of power sharing based on the grounds of segmental cleavages (ethnic) remained a silent feature.
At independence in 1960, Nigeria inherited a weak social political structure, a defective and unbalanced federation indigenous ethos of government and culture and above all, an inexperienced leadership. Most of the apparatuses of state ( a civil service not primarily geared to development, a police force alienated from the interest of a ruling class and increasingly turn apart by regional sentiments and judiciary wedded to the protection of the interest of power elite could not met the aspiration of an emergent state. The parliamentary constitution did not contain adequate provision for socio-economic transformation and national integration. It encouraged regionalism. All major political parties, important instruments for social and political mobilization, were ethnically based the North/South conflicts, which has been husbanded by the British as part of their divide and rule tactic, that they negatively impacted on all political division the mode and manner, of political party formation in however, extensively related to the level of political stability in the society.
Political party formation in Nigeria has been base on, ethnic grounds.