PLANT RESOURCE CONTROL AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL TO PROJECT DELIVERY IN BUILDING INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF IMO STATE GROUND CONSTRUCTION COMPANY)
During the recent years different people in charge have been considered about different costs of the plants in the construction industry. Usually it seems to be a big challenge for different people in charge and mainly contractors to decrease the costs of the projects through the optimum use of construction plant resource control in order to increase the quality of the project and decrease time and cost. During the current study, researchers have been investigated about the construction plant used in the construction sites and also its effect on the quality and also time of the project. Forty three people in charge with the construction projects have been participated in the current survey. After analyzing the required data through SPSS software and based on the mean index of the scores five items have been identified as the most important issues in the construction management regarding the use if plants namely: The effect of spare parts availability to decrease downtime, the effect of employing expert mechanics to increase the repair quality, impact of gasoline and petrol availability to decrease wasting the time, impact of periodic control and serviceability of plants and equipment to increase productivity, impact of training persons who are involved plants and equipment to increase productivity. It goes without saying that extracted factors have significant role in the construction projects and different contractors should consider them in their projects.
Different parts of the construction industry, such as executive part usually believe that the construction plant has different costs which requires different utilizations in order to make it efficient in the construction sites (Edwards et al., 1998a). During the recent years, different improvements in the construction industry has been happened, different people in charge with construction industry have been done different activities in order to increase the productivity of the construction sites and also decreasing the costs of the projects (Arditi et al., 1997). However, in order to utilize the plant different people in charge with construction projects may have different costs. It usually has different costs like plant ownership and also different costs related to its maintenance. On the other hand it should be noted that plant should be maintained in optimum and suitable situation (Edwards et al., 1998b).
“Equipment” refers to different types of automatic construction related activities and machines like static cranes, concrete pokers, hand-held tools and specialist equipment such as floor polishers. On the other hand, usually the terms plant and equipment could be used interchangeably. For example, it should be noted that an equipment executive is typically in charge with all of the above mentioned factors. (It should be noted that: usually the plant manager term refers to the construction related activities and works) (Edwards and Holt, 2009).
Zakeri et al. (1996) investigated about the lack of using proper tools and equipment and its effect on the productivity of the construction workers. Similarly Haslam et al. (2005) mentioned that there is a direct relationship between using equipment and its connection to several construction accidents. Gibb et al. (2005) pointed out that it is very essential to use better construction facilities and also equipment in the construction sites.
Usually contractors have different pressures such as budget problems, time constrains, quality of the project and also increasing the safety. Consequently, several equipment uses seems to be a very essential factor to improve the ability of the contractors during the project time (Day and Benjamin, 1991).