REWARD SYSTEM AND TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TO WORK IN CALABAR SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF
CROSS RIVER STATE.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Today’s reality in the global world is that, organizations influence several important aspects of employees attitude to work in a multitude of ways. They conceive and implement strategies, while the employees and reward systems determine the organization’s capabilities. Competencies are required to execute the strategy, and these competencies are primarily a function of the skills and knowledge of an organization’s human capital. Therefore, if an organization is to treat its employees as its most important asset, it has to be knowledgeable about what it is that motivates people to reach
their full potential (Lawler, 1990). It is not easy though to know all the things that motivate people in life or at work but an eort has to be made in each case. Traditionally, individual attitude to work in organizations has centered on the evaluation of performance and the allocation of reward systems. Organizations are starting to acknowledge planning and enabling individual performance as a critical approach towards organizational performance. Strategic success for the organization lies in focusing attention at all levels on key business imperatives, which can be achieved. The planning process is one
of the primary elements of the total reward system. According to Adam, (1964),a reward system is an reinforcer only if its delivery increases the probability of a behavior or attitude of the target individuals. This study is focused on reward system and teachers attitude to work. It is important to note that, reward system is the process that impacts performance
between pay checks and provides the basis on which individuals results are measured. It is the bonding agent in programmes that direct rewards to true performance. The primary focus of reward and recognition programs is how organizations define their rewards system and communicate this in a manner that employees clearly understand the link between reward and teachers attitude to work (Bassy, 2002). Rewards and recognition programmes create environments especially where jobs provide intrinsic rewards good feelings that people get from doing the work itself. Yet in many organizations, recognition is reserved for an elite few and rewards are defined solely in terms of wages and salaries. Effective recognition enhances employee motivation and increases employee productivity all of which contribute to improved organizational performance (Bassy, 2002)