This research project will be based on the impact of materials handling equipment on store activities a case study of Doyin investment limited Ilorin. Handling equipment is device for effecting inventory movement within and outside the store. The research work will consist of five chapters. Chapter one will discuss the introduction historical background of the study, statement of the general problem the objective of the study, the significance of the study, research, scope of the study, limitation of the study, hypothesis formulation, definition of the terms. Chapter two contain the literature review, chapter three will focus in research methodology, research design, source of data, research instrument used, research instrument used, research population and sample size sampling procedure employed and method of data analysis. Chapter four will be data presentation, analysis and test of hypothesis. While chapter five will detail out the summary of finding, conclusions, recommendations, references and appendix.
Most organizations whether in manufacturing service or extractive field of operating make use of materials handling equipments in their daily operations.
Handling of materials, which is the main activity in store house and stockyards are costly operations and therefore, the methods and equipments employed in handling should be efficient
As in many other aspects of store function, the approaches depend on the nature of the business, the kind of stock carried and the size of the accommodation.
In a large stores house responsible for a wide range of a goods with weekly output measured in hundred of tons it will b e necessary to provide some manual handling equipment and mechanical handling for moving the heavy materials. In this case, it’s not unusual to find overhead cranes, fork lift trucks and conveyor all in operations. With mobile and crane and dumpers in the stockyards.
The impacts of materials handling equipments on the store function of an organization cannot be over emphasize for effective service, organization should be able to transport materials, equipments, spares from one point to another as effectively as possible.
As a result material handling equipments, only few workers are needed for its operation and this tends to save the company huge amount of money, time and reduction in work of the labour. The position of materials handling remains a subject of concern to most business organization.
It’s on this vital issue that research work will focus by examining the role o purchasing and store departments. In regard to material handling operation manufacturing organization. Although, these functions spend a significant Portion of organization income.
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DOYIN INVESTMENT COMPANY
Doyin investment Nigeria Limited was sited along Asa Dam Road Kwara State. The company specialized in product of Flash. Hi-Cleans, Vogues, Dento Clean and Wash rite.
The company was incorporated in October 1984 by the Federal Government of Nigeria under the Commerce and Industry Act 1985 all the installation started immediately.
The Head Office is at Lagos State. Doyin is from Kwara State. He decided to site the industries in the state capital for the purpose of reducing the problem of unemployment within and outside the state.
The materials used in production are imported materials but now some materials are being produced locally. Some of the materials were specially made for Doyin investment Nigeria Limited from oversea e.g. Blank Corp. Sodium Syndicate etc.
The organizational chart showing department and staff position. The General Manager is the Head of the industry.
The sole responsibilities of the whole operations rest on him. He is the only person that gives order on any important issues. When there is a need to Purchase capital equipment or purchase large quality of raw materials involving millions naira.
After the General Manager are the Technical Manager, Production Manager and Quality Control Manager.
The technical manager wherever there is any needs to purchase costly equipment. The Product Manager has under him the raw materials store, central stores and warehouses where they keeps the finished products.
The raw materials that always kept in the store for production include:
- Flash Cartons for packing the detergent.
- Inner case in which the soap and the detergent itself are being packed.
- Polly products (Wash Right Bags) are used to pack the detergent that was no in cartons. It is weighted in kilograms (500kg).
- The components at the raw materials store:
- STPP (Sodio Tripolifapato)
- Sodium Syndicate
- Blank Corp
- Blue Due
- Caustic Soda
- Sulphuric Acid.
All the raw materials are kept for production process in the raw materials store until they come to request for them from the production shop floor. The STPP (Sodium Triphotasopato) is in separate tank with the provision of taps so that as they are being dissolved by water, some are passes to the next machine where the operation starts.
The sodium syndicate is used to neutralize the acid of the detergent during the production. Glue, Blank Corp and Caustic Soda are also parts of the raw materials used for production for the detergent and during this period it is in white colour. The blue due will be supplied so that it will change the white colour to blue colour, It depends on the colour of the detergent they want to produce, perfume is then supplied at the final stage, so that the detergent will give passive smell, this will normally be on the cloth. The quality control manager in collaboration with design and engineering department work on how much chemical should be used, the design packing and packages, what types of colour will attract the customer, the dimension for the cartons hardness so it does not just get spoiled anyhow. The amount of raw materials to be used in forecast by the quality control department. At it’s always happening in cost -organization the store department will supply all document connected with the purchase of raw material arid stationeries to the account department so that tie necessary funds is given to them to buy from outside organization. The entire document are not given to the account department only to issue money for purchasing the materials alone, but the account department use it for the organization annual budget.
In every department there is a supervisor monitoring the affairs of the clerks and other cleaners, so that the information will be flowing upward from the cleaner to supervisor and to different heads of department.
Most of the decision taken in the organization is such the decision flow down warding.