The study investigate personnel management Practices in Public and Private Secondary Schools in Akinyele local Government Area of Oyo State the population of the study consisted all the Public and Private Secondary Schools in Akinyele L.G.A. A stratified sampling technique was used to select five Public Secondary Schools out of twenty six and five Private Secondary Schools out of thirty five in the affected area. Simple random technique was used to select one hundred and twenty respondents. The instrument used for the study was questionnaire tagged (PMPPPSS) with 14 items for both principals and vice principals.
Thus, it was concluded that opportunities should be given to teachers to develop their potential and this can also be achieved by recognising the individual worth of teachers, this will in turn lead to effective school administration and personnel management. One main hypothesis and three operational hypotheses were formulated and tested for this study. The findings revealed that:
- There was significant difference between personal management practices in public and private secondary schools in Akinyele L.G.A.
- There was significant difference between resource planning in public and private secondary schools in Akinyele L.G.A.
- There was significant difference between performal appraisal in public and private secondary schools in Akinyele L.G.A.
- There was significant difference between Development programme in pubic and private secondary schools in Akinyele L.G.A
Based on the findings, it was recommended that school management should ensure that teachers attend educational conferences, seminars in order to improve their teaching skills so as to be effective and efficient. Government should intensify its efforts in monitoring learning achievement in the type of schools and likewise provide schools with adequate facilities so as to enhance the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of teachers in Nigerian secondary schools. In addition, teachers need motivation particularly those in Public Schools for improvement and this should be provided by the government with all the necessary incentives such as adequate salaries, good working conditions and other fringe benefits that compete favourably with what obtains in other professions.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Table of Contents vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 6
Purpose of the study 8
Research Questions 9
Research Hypothesis 10
Scope of the study 10
Significance of the study 12
Operational Definition of Terms 13
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Concept of Personal management 15
Concept of public and private secondary schools 18
Differences between public and private secondary schools 22
Empirical studies 26
Appraisal of Literature Reviewed 33
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Design 38
Population Sample and Sampling Technique 38
Research instrument (s) 39
Validity and Reliability of the instrument (s) 40
Procedure for Data Collection 40
Method of Data Analysis 40
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION
Data Analysis 41
Hypothesis Testing 41
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of findings 47
Background to the Study
This study examines the comparative of Personnel Management practices in Public and Private secondary schools in Akinyele Local Government Area Oyo State Nigeria.
Ogunsaju (2000) defined management as “the organisation and mobilisation of all human and material resources in a particular system for the achievement of identified objectives in that system. “A close look at this definition clearly reveals the importance of two key words, these are, human and material. If critically examined and analysed, the human resources in the school system would comprise all men and women within the school system from the principal to the school gate-man. (Alabi, 2000). It then becomes the responsibility of the management to organise and mobilise these human resources for effective achievement of the institutional goals and objectives.
The degree of the effectiveness (goal attainment) with which people work harmoniously together for the attainment of the goals of an enterprise, the efficiency of the tools and devices they use, and the skills with which they use these tools and devices are all indicative of the efficiency of the management of the enterprise. Educational resources just like the business resources are four, these are: money, material, machine and man.The main difficulty in management is the organisation of people into co-operative teams in order to use the non-human resources effectively and efficiently. This co-ordination of human efforts is a common element, or in fact, the fundamental task in all administration.
According to Alabi (2000), human resources available to schools constitute their most valuable asset and their greatest management challenge. Therefore, managerial functions like planning, organising, co-ordinating, commanding and controlling become essential. Thus, given that quality learning depends on the recruitment, retention and development of professional teachers, effective personnel management procedures are essential, preconditions for the employment and continual development of adequately qualified and dedicated staff that would promote an optimum level of performance towards the provision of quality education. Alabi (2000) opined that personnel management encourages making the best use of the skills and capabilities of all those employed in the organisation with a view to attaining the potentials of individual employees and organisational goals and objectives. It is the management of people at work. Thus, it is otherwise referred to as human resources management, concerned with the handling of employment relationships and all activities that are employee-oriented or centered. Management of personnel is the most sensitive aspect of management in any discipline. Long administrative experiences show that it is easier to deal with herds of cattle than directing two or more individuals. This is because, the individual differs in the sequence of needs based on each workers learning experience, cultural and economic background (Durosaro, 2000).Personnel management is an ingredient for increased productivity in the educational sector. All staff personnel services such as selection and promotion training and staff welfare development and compensation should be geared towards getting the best out of the work force. Strategies such as security of tenure of employment, education and training motivation in wages and benefits are ways to mobilise staff for increased productivity.