THE EFFECT OF BUREAUCRATIC PRACTICE ON A PROFIT ORIENTED PUBLIC ORGANIZATION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
For us to understand any concept and it is a both intrinsic value, we have to know the background or the history of such concept before the advent of 19th century bureaucracy, which has come to be the ‘’heart and engine room, of the modern public administration was completely not in existence, a position of authority and public trust then was through sentiment and favour, not merits were predominantly in existence administrative issue or responsibility were’’ unsystematic unplanned, uncoordinated and unadministrtive.
It could be believed that the development of among economy is a presupposition for a bureaucracy, there have been great bureaucracies in history (From Egypt to the Catholic Church) overtime the compensation practices for officials develop from various payments in kind schedules to a fixed salary paid in currency administrative tasks grew from the political organizations created through out history.
The development of cohesive, state in the middle age coincides with the development of sophisticated bureaucracies.
In the past, the bureaucratic tendency has chiefly been influenced by needs arising form the creation of standing armies as determined by power politics and by the development of public finance connected with the military establishment, apart from the above development in the military, the increasing ad over expanding roles of government and sudden large increase of public enterprises necessitated all the vital roles with the military of bureaucratic of practices the only ameliorable pedestal of public administration, the characteristics of bureaucracies practices in management of public resources through an effective public administrative policies makes bureaucratic practices so crucial in any organization, practically public enterprises, this the ideal features or characteristics of bureaucracy amongst other include;
- Fixed jurisdictional areas, ordered by rules and regulations.
- Authority to give commands required for discharge of these duties is distributed in a stable way
- Procedures is present for the regular and continuous fulfillment of these duties (i.e. replacement plan for each position) and only persons qualified are employed.