THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF MOTHERS TOWARDS CHILDHOOD KILLER DISEASES AND NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON IMMUNIZATION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Many family lost their children to any one of these childhood killer diseases in the past, this dashing the hope of parent on such children. The effect of such loses often involve economics, political and social implication on the home. To prevent cost of children and its consequences many parent consult the herbalist and their oracle, make of their children scarification on the bodies of their children and administer concoction and perform a number of rituals to appease gods, demo and devil believe to be the cause of the unfortunate occurrence (Oyeride 1995).
To prevent the loses of children form these killer diseases, the world health organization in 1977 launch a health scheme tagged to expanded progrmame on immunization. E.P.I is all UNICE/WHO scheme designed to expand the accessibility of immunization service to increase number of children within the age range of 0-2 years.
The aim of this programme is to combating six common diseases of childhood namely, measles, tetatnus, tuberculosis, polio mylitis, Diphiheria and whooping cough (WHO 1981) It also aim at educating individual and mobilizing government to adopt health policy matter what protect children and mother through E.P.I children are immunized against the six childhood vaccinated against tetanus on an effort to attest ameliorate if not eradicate infant mortality resulting form the childhood diseases (Oyerind 1995).
Immunization remain one of the most important public health intervention and the cost effective strategy to reduce both the morbidity and mortality associated with infections disease. Over two million death are delayed through immunization each year worldwide (WHO 2006).
Despite the vaccine preventable diseases mortality with an estimated three million death each years. Uptake of vaccination services is dependent not on provision of these services but also on the other factor include knowledge and attitude of their mother density of health worker accessibility of vaccination clinic and availability of safe needles and syringe (Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention 2006).
In recognition of the importance of this progrmame, Nigeria launch her own chapter of the progrmame known as expanded programme or immunization 1979 now known as National programme on Immunization the programme has continued in its efforts to implement sustainable strategies and intervention in collaboration with vision of making immunization a community owned community derive and community operate services federal government of Nigeria 2006).
In order to enable patronage the government among other evolve services of health educating and enlightened programme or radio and television. The programme was further reinforce through issuance of immunization for children by Ministry of Health (995).
In lie with it enabling act 12 of 1979, the availability of present vaccine to state and local government area with corresponding qualities of needles and syringes. NPI has also supported the state and local government with cold chair and logistic equipment, human technical and financial support required for the implementation (Immunization watch 2004).