This study was designed to examine the effect of reward and punishment on academic performance in some selected secondary schools in Benin City. This study was motivated to find out whether the parents and teachers support the use of reward and punishment in secondary school system. The investigation was therefore guided by the following:
- Whether reward and punishment would have effect on educational system in Benin City.
- Whether reward and punishment are instrument of discipline to follow the questionnaire were administered based on the three criteria above. The result were analyzed, the following emerged as a research findings.
- Reward and punishment plays a big and important role in teaching and learning process and should be practiced in schools.
- Parents and teachers support the use of reward and punishment in schools system.
iii. Reward and punishment is weapon of descriptive and that they have important role to perform in school administration and academic performance of the learner or students.
- Background of the study
Punishment and reward are regarded as essential means through which a teacher can maintain class discipline in primary schools. Many educationist and psychologist have expressed different views over the effective use of punishment and rewards in primary schools. During the course of this study, the writer will bring together the contrasting views and feelings of others so that the reader can be given sufficient ground work o which to base his conclusion after reading the research works. Punishment and reward are most debated issues in the school administration today, especially when they are related to learning process. It is equally an area of interest, which closely involves many parents and teachers who feels the need for education authority to define its limitations so as not to over step their limits. A point and acceptable solution must be sought on this intriguing issue of punishment and reward because the outcome will give a practical advice and guidance to those who are just beginning the teaching profession or to parent who show such concern over their children success in life. This work does not claim to solve all the problems concerned with punishment and reward in learning process in the school system rather to height some possible remedies, which will be of abundant educational values to both teachers and parents and the public in general.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This work is on the study of the effects of reward and punishment on academic performance of pupils in some selected primary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Many educationist and psychologist have written many books covering this topic. Farrant (2004) emphasized that if reward and punishment is used wrongly, it can cause the pupils to misbehave thereby creating a class of “undisciplined” children. Misbehaviour such as lateness, stealing, destruction of school or home property, disobedience, throwing of stones etc all acts that constitute rebellion and this can have negative effects on learning. The writers attempts the study therefore is to examine the views of some of these writers in addition to their research findings and personal experience so as to be able to know the following main problems.
– To determine if it is true that pupils in primary schools can learn effectively with the use of rewards.