Technological advancement has cuts across all aspect of human activities.However, it is on this platform that the need to minimize or
check water wastage arouse. Water is a free gi of nature but due to its indispensability to human existence; it should be conserved
for the purpose of constant availability or sufficiency. Moreover, in order to take a good care of this problem of wastage,there is need
for the construction of water level controller this will guide against unnecessary wastage of water, for it will make a reasonable
quantity of water to be used a any time. In this project, eort has been made to construct a water controller that is capable of
controlling the electric water pumping motor operation in regard o switching “ON” or “OFF” at predetermined level of water in the
storage tanks or reservoirs. This project also gives the clarity of advantage of using an automatic method of controlling water level
over human or manual control method.
Water is one of the most important natural resources that need to be conserved, but the rate at which water is being wasted in
both he domestic and industrial activities is quite learning however, in a bid to reduce this kind of wastage in some industries,
eort has been made towards the design of a “re – circulation system” in which water that has been used is made to recycle
and be used again for the production processes.
In some homes is the make use of the overhead reservoirs, there s the need to make use of electric motors for the purpose of
pumping water by electric motor in to these reservoirs stop usually depends on the capacity of the reservoirs (that is the time
at which water fills the reservoirs to the brim) this however, usually brings about “forced leakages” through the month of the
overhead tanks or reservoirs and hence, the whole environment or surroundings will become flooded with waters. This is of
course, an abnormal condition.
Moreover for this reason and others that will be mentioned later, there arises the need to develop an eicient and eective
means of controlled the level at which water will be pumped in the reservoirs in house and industries in order to reduce
wastage of water, loading at the environments and host of other. This a water level controller that will be a supervisory system
for monitoring the level of water, which a particular reservoir can contain, needs to we designed and constructed, such that
when the water reaches the level at which the probe detectors of the controller are set in the tanks, the motor automatically
stopped and alarm to indicate that the volume of the water pumped is enough has to be incorporated.
Of all the existing method of water conservation ranging from the privative manual control to the use of “float” to control the
pumped action of the electric motors, there has not been a complete electronic method of control. In the manual control,
bring compelled to climb up to a reservoir in which water in being pumped by an electric motor, in order to determined the
level of the required water and for which the motor should be stopped, be not the best way of using qualified manpower.
Besides, this oers a very tedious working condition to the working personnel’s on the whole.
However; improper way of controlling the water level in the overhead tanks or reservoir is contributing to the problem of water
wastage and environmental flooding which can lead to inconvenience for the people around, damage of the property and
other valuable materials in homes and industries.
Hence, the real motivation in having this supervisory unit equipment is based on its advantages of the ability to detect the
presence of water at a predetermined level and then controlling of the pumping operation in basically completed electronic
mode, the advantage which reduces the problems associated age which reduces the problems associated with improper way
of water level centered.