DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
This research work revealed the importance of Emergency Management System in Industries, establishment of high repute and more importantly in international outfits as MEIA cannot be overemphasized. It is not only to check excesses of risk situations, but also to conform to the global and modern safety standard and practices whereby computer system application is adopted to complement and enhance more effective safety measures and decision making. The use of computer system for this purpose has become vital in managing airport emergency units. The EMS is based on software sinterfaces provided by the Air Traffic Control System Package. They involve the use of the software package to create and maintain communication needs of the end-user and their organization. The package will also serve as a communication tool; ensure a prompt response to emergency incidents that are governed by emergency unit in airport. On the whole, an Emergency Management System is therefore essential to aid rapid and timely alerting of all necessary reporting agencies and individual to the emergency phase, serving as a tool capable of projecting the company as a reliable and efficient one.
The field of Emergency Management is one of the most dynamic and challenging areas for managers. They dynamic face challenges of taking critical division on daily basis, and this; they must do without delay. Recently, there have been significant practical developments in the field of Emergency Management, both in the private and public sector, the practice as bring sense of normalcy and control to problematic situations that confront an organization. The word “Emergency” could be defined as an unplanned event that can cause loss of lives and properties, discomfort to citizens, physical and environmental damage, and disrupt a lot of activities. Emergency Management System has it that it is Organized analysis, planning, decision making, and assignment of available resources to mitigate, prepares for, respond to and recover from the effect of all hazards. Therefore, looking at the MARGARET EKPO International Airport (MEIA), as one of airport that needs to be saved from unnecessary disaster, it needs to be well equipped with relevant facilities such as EMS to avoid/prevent or manage any form of disaster, and it is going to draw strength from “Preparedness” (which is one of the phases of Emergency Management) as the major phase to be considered during implementation of this project.
1.1 Theoretical Background
In developing Emergency Management System the technologies used in this project are Visual Basic 6.0 and relational database technology. Visual Basic is 6.0 is a high level programming language which evolved from the earlier DOS version called BASIC: It is an acronym that stand for beginners all purpose symbolic instruction code it is a relatively easy programming language chosen for the development of the system. The Visual Basic 6.0 Language was chosen because it enables the creation of application with a graphical user interface, containing controls such as text fields, combo box, labels, command buttons etc.