This study investigated the effects of poverty on the Nigerian Education System and its effect on students of the College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin in Ovia north east local government area of Edo State. The purpose of the this study is to highlight the militating effect of poverty on the education system in Nigeria, some research questions were posed to guide the researcher;To what extent has poverty affected student’s performance? Is there any variability between student’s performance and poverty? Furthermore, the population of study consists of some secondary schools in Benin City; random sampling was used to select hundred and sixty students employed in the study out of the population. The instrument employed in data was the questionnaire. The use of percentage was made in analyzing the data.
- Background of the study
The first major federal aids significant that are regarded as the lower class in the society were the elementary and secondary education. When this system of education was introduced, there were great expectations that it will not only help the disadvantaged children but indeed also close the large achievement gap between the poor children and others (the lower and the higher class). In order to achieve this policy, a funding mechanism rather than specific program or placing was organized to assist students risk, for effectiveness, the congress mandated that all school districts should be eligible, because not much was known about the compensatory practices or interventions for effective working of these educational system for children. These federal funds were not used fundamentally for the education opportunities provided to children in poverty. The student’s educational performance or attainment is inevitable and should be viewed with a lot of incentives at all levels. The training of student is very important since the extent of a nations future labour force, leadership, political stability and strength of technical knowhow greatly lies in the hands of the students who are often referred to as “Leaders of Tomorrow”. Poverty is an issue that many of our nation’s children are coming face to face with. The price that children of poverty is to pay is unbelievable high each year, increasing numbers of children are entering into schools with need from circumstances, such as poverty, that schools are not prepared to meet; this is the reason why teachers need to turned to the culture of poverty and the sensitive to the vast array of needs that children of poverty bring to the classroom. Education is the major factor impacting the economic development in the society.
However, this write up shall help to unveil the effect of poverty on the education system in Nigeria. The importance of education and its complication to the social and economic life of the people who are well recognized by every nation and some scientific knowledge needed by everyone in other to live and have an idea of the ways in which one is feed, clothed, entertained and sheltered to ensure a more profitable exploration of the scientific and technological potential. It is necessary to lay more details on scientific knowledge in this respect; Fafunwa (1976) suggested that science should be made a compulsory subject in secondary and tertiary institution as well as educating the populace, so that African will be able to move from its static role of spectator to that of an actor in this exciting breakthrough. Bajah (1975) also pointed out that science is a means by while by which developing countries can produce the much needed skill, this closing the gap between the development of developed and developing countries. Inspite of the above facts, one feels that science should be encouraged in Nigeria schools since teaching and learning among other things infuse in desirable qualities into Nigeria students such as achievement will be beneficial not only to the individual students but also to the nation as a whole.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In this project the researcher intents to identify the effects of poverty on the educational system of Nigeria, the following questions calls for attention;
- What are the interests of students in science subjects?
- What is the level of student’s performance in science?
- Do the schools have science equipment and well equipped laboratory?
- Are there adequate textbooks?
- Do the students achieve their schools goals?
- What can the teachers do to help poor children become better readers?
The researcher is of the view that the answer to the above questions would help to identify the effects of poverty in the academic performance of science students in our secondary schools.