ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION INFORMATION SYSTEM. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION
Electricity is not only ingrained in modern life, it is also critical for its continued existence, as electricity will soon be the main source of power produced world-wide. In a developing country like Nigeria, the state of power generation by the national electricity generation board is unappreciable. Consequently, institutions such as the Universities will have to rely on their own generated source of power supply which runs on fuel. Due to the costs incurred in running power generating plants on fuel, it becomes essential for the power generated to be rationed as full electric power supply for all the various units of the institution will be expensive. This project is focused at the research into the development of a database of electrical power distribution in the university community for control of the power plant distribution grid in order to efficiently and adequately supply the need power to the appropriate units in the institutions as at when due.
The importance of electricity in the higher institutions of learning cannot be overemphasized. However, Electrical Power Generation in many universities in Nigeria is self generated by the institutions as the inadequate national power supply by the countries’ power generation company is insufficient to handle the electrical needs of the institution. To this end power generating plants are purchased and utilized in these institutions for the purpose of generating electric power.
A power plant is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. The power plants are used in the universities for supplying electrical power to their buildings and infrastructures such as the academic blocks where the lectures halls exists, the administrative quarters, where the offices of the school staff are located and the hostel blocks where the students are accommodated.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problems associated with providing power to the various infrastructures in the universities through the power generating plants are outlined below:
Poor Rationing: Due to efforts made by most institutions to minimize the monetary resources available for the management of the school affairs, the electric power supply is rationed amongst the various building infrastructures available in the university premises. Most often this is done with out a well defined rationing plan which amounts to some infrastructure getting more power supply than others.
Fuel Expenses: There are universities which, due to their intention to keep up with the high standards of the educational services they promise to offer, pay for the power plants to be run for the entire various infrastructures in the school. This amounts to the spending of excess funds to run the institutions.