EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND ADOLESCENTS’ BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
The purpose of this study is to investigate the Emotional Intelligence and Adolescents’ Behaviour Problems in Kosofe Local Government of Lagos State .The study covered a total of Ojota /Ogudu Zone of Education District II, encompassing five Senior Secondary Schools. A total of 150 students were selected for the study .In addition, the research questionnaire titled Emotional Intelligence and Adolescents’ Behaviour Problems Questionnaire( EIABPQ) was constructed by the researcher were administered for data collection. The data collected were analyzed in tables and percentages. Results from the study revealed that there was no significant influence of self-awareness on adolescents’ behavior problems among secondary school students. Self-management has significant influence on adolescents’ behaviour problems among secondary school students. Social awareness has no significant influence on adolescents’ behaviour problems among secondary school students. Lastly, there is no significant influence of relationship management on adolescents’ behaviour problems among secondary school students. However, based on these findings, it was recommended that adolescents in secondary schools should be taught emotional intelligence skills and competencies that will help in reducing aggression, hostility and personal distress which will equip them in building healthy social relationships .Also, that adequate attention should be given to the social and emotional development of adolescents at home and the schools so that they can properly nurture their emotional intelligence capabilities which will eventually make them an adjusted and productive adult to self and the society at large in future.
Background to the Study
In recent times, emphasis has been placed on the attitude and behavior of children and young people which to a large extent determined how successful they will cope with life’s issues and challenges. Unfortunately, the care taker of these children, who include parents, teachers, care-givers and other significant others are becoming too engaged in other activities, leaving these young ones to get little or no attention to the development and nurturing of their personalities and potentials. Since adequate and proper grooming can help them to become a more successful and responsible human beings. It is worth noting that the ability to develop and maintain interpersonal relationship during childhood and adolescence is an important predictor of present and future adjustment (.Nasir and Seena,2011).
Psychologist refers to this ability as emotional intelligence while others considered it to be more important than intelligent quotient. It is one of such characteristics that can help an individual to be productive and successful in life. Emotional intelligence is when an individual is able to recognize his or her emotions, understand what these emotions are saying and realize how those emotions affect people around him or her.( Salovey and Mayer 1996). It also involves one’s perception of others because when one understands how people feel, it will allow one to manage relationship more effectively.
With the prevalence of disruptive and maladaptive behaviours among young people and which has been attributed to their inability to understand their emotions and of others resulting to these disturbing behaviours. It is important to understand that an individual behaviour is based on the learning processes he or she is exposed to and is rooted and expressed through emotions. The ability to express and control emotions is essential but more importantly is the ability to understand , interprete and respond to the emotions of others.
Emotion intelligence is an area of cognitive ability trait and social skills that facilitate interpersonal behaviour. ( Goleman ,1995). Intelligence can be broadly defined as the capacity for goal oriented adaptive behaviour which Emotional 1ntelligence focuses on the aspect of intelligence that govern self-knowledge and social adaptation. It is the ability of an individuals to recognize their own emotions and that of others, to discriminate between different feelings and label them appropriately and use these emotional information to guide thinking and behavior.(Colman, 2008). It also reflects abilities to connect intelligence, empathy and emotions in order to enhance thought and understanding of inter-personal dynamics.( Mayer ,2008)