FACTORS INFLUENCING APPLICATION OF CLINICAL INSTRUCTIONS IN NURSING PRACTICE AMONG NURSING STUDENTS IN MADONNA UNIVERSITY
1.1 Background to the Study
Learning is a change in behaviour over time that is brought about by experience during training in educational encounter (Akubuiro and Joshua, 2003). Training as part of education, is the acquisition of knowledge, skills and competence as a result of the teaching of practical skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competences (Angel, 2007). Training helps the learner to acquire certain useful skills and develop critical mind for the learner’s self development. Therefore, the knowledge that comes from training is more of knowledge of how to do or perform specific tasks. Thus, the modification in behaviour as the product of training can occur following newly acquired skills, knowledge, perception, facts, principles and new information at hand (Adeyanju, 2004). Nursing education is a term used to describe the overall body of knowledge that applies to nursing profession. It encompasses a variety of knowledge, skills, concepts, and practices which revolve around the unique concepts of nursing, health, the person and the environment (Melone, 2010). Nursing education consists of acquisition of a body of knowledge that is partly delivered in a classroom setting which forms the theoretical bases of nursing knowledge and an organized and supervised clinical training experiences that take place in the clinical settings where the nurse- patient relationship is experienced directly or indirectly (Shariff and Masoumi, 2005). Sonwuttanayut (2003) noted that the training process in nursing education should aim at enabling the students to gain skills and experiences up to their highest potentiality. This shall focus on the learners as being the most important in the process. In addition, basic knowledge, attitude, skills and the ability to apply knowledge into the actual practice of nursing should be developed and inculcated into the student nurses in these processes. Training can be reinforced with learning aids and equipment of different varieties simply because they stimulate, motivate as well as arrest learners’ attention for a while during the instructional process.