In the environment, there is away need for workers and employers to agree on certain terms which will enhance work in that environment.
Therefore, the tool, which we used in other to reach this agreement respectively, is known as collective bargaining techniques.
Base on this we can now look at the term collective bargaining techniques, its type, then how it assist in promoting individual relations practice, the problem encountered when this techniques are use and then lastly, how this problem can be used.
DEFINITION: Collective bargaining according to Flanders (1970) can be defined as a social process that continually turns disagreement into agreement with an orderly fashion. Also according to chamberlain and Kuhn (1965) it is the political relationship in which trade unions share industrial power or sovereignty over those who are governed by the employees. From this definition, we can now see collective bargaining as the process or system by which employers and employees as a whole.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
This means it is a system established by negotiation in other to take decisions concerning the various organizations.
Issues discussed during collective bargaining include condition of service of the workers, polices of the organization, relationship between the organization and its customers, relationship between the organization and the government lastly, relationship between the organization and the rules and regulation of the environment. This issue varies depending on the policies of the organization. It is based on these issues that items like, housing allowance, medical allowance, transport allowance, welfare allowance etc are decided by both parties in the collective bargaining process. This means organization chose any type of items and issues that will enable them boost the earning of their negotiations.
Therefore, collective bargaining provides frameworks with which the views of management and unions about disputed matters that lead to industrial disorder can be considered with the aim of eliminating the causes of disorder in the organization. It can also be seen as a joint regulating process, dealing with the regulation of management in its relationship with work, people, as well as the regulation on condition of employment. This means it has a political as well as an economical basis, which means both sides are interested in the distribution of power between them as the distribution of income.
It can also be seen or regarded as the exchange relationship in which wage work bargains take place between employers and employees through the agency of trade union. This means, trade unions, as agent has been to offset the inequality of individual bargaining power between the employer and employee. Collective bargaining techniques can be carried out in several types includes.