This project work looked at the influence of leadership on the attainment of organizational objective it is the content of this research that leadership plays prominent role in the organization effort to achieve its goal. The data for their research work was collected through primary and secondary source. Thus the information for this work is obtained from questionnaires textbooks and internet some of the finding of the study are that leadership is essential in the attainment of organizational goal, the leaders direct the activities of the subordinate towards the achievement of organization goal. The leader embark on different styles in leading subordinate depending on the leaders and the situation on the leadership process in organization. Base on pining of this study, such recommendation which spell out the functions of the leaders sent on training in human and group dynamic are made.
Successful organization differs from the inefficient organization in many ways. One of the differences is the pattern of leadership.In most case, successful organizations are characterized by dynamic practice and effective leadership. While the unsuccessful organization are characterized by relative and ineffective leadership. Recognition of this is one of the crucial impart underlying the vest amount of working and research on leadership.
Leadership is the process of inducing people to desire objective could be organization objective the subordinate objective or the objective of the leader.Leadership most take place within the context of a group leading, most leader recognize is of controlling, planning, organizing nature of the modern business environment, leadership is important because success of leadership adopted by various organization is leading their subordinate towards the realization of organizational objective. This is the true because workers relationship and satisfaction with their leadership style can affect their performance in the organization.
It is in view of this, that this research work top to look at the influence of leadership on attaining organizational objective.
1.2 Statement Of The Problems
Works in an organization have some needs to satisfy, and the way the needs are being satisfy in organization can affect performance. Leadership of some organization is sometimes ignorant to certain things that induce workers to perform in order to attain the objective of the organization.The leadership style adopted by leaders can greatly affect the performance of workers, especially if such leadership style helps the subordinate in achieving their objective in the organization. Thus when leadership influences the subordinate by meeting his needs, it will have impact on attainment of organization objectives.
The influence of leadership on attaining organizational objectives, using feeds and flour mills, Dangote as a case study, however in the course of the study, we shall look at what is meant by leadership style, whether workers of Dangote plc are satisfied with the leadership style of the superiors, the nature of relationship between workers and leaders or superiors of Dangote Plc does leadership style of superior geared towards meeting the needs of workers for performance A research into the influence of leadership style on employee performance may be necessary in finding the type of leadership the organization applies and how it affects the employees, under the following leadership style;
Autocratic Leadership Style: is task centered and his/her focus is to get a certain task done quickly. Autocratic leader makes all the decisions and assigns tasks to members of the group. However autocratic leadership style has many disadvantages and it is considered as a destructive leadership behavior. This leadership style can distance team members from the leader which can cause low level of job satisfaction and trust in the organization
Democratic Leadership Style: is also called the participative style as it encourages employees to be part of the decision making (Gastil, 2012). Democratic leadership should not be used when there is no enough time to get everyone’s input; it’s easier and more cost-effective for the manager to make the decision, the manager feels threatened by this type of leadership and when employee safety is a critical concern. However, to be able to achieve a better result, leader or manager should be able to get everyone involved.
Laissez-Faire: also known as delegative leadership. One deficiency of laissez-faire leadership style is that, is not ideal in situations where group members lack the knowledge or experience they need to complete tasks and make decisions (Egri, 2011). Some people are not good at setting their own deadlines, managing their own projects and solving problems on their own. In such situations, projects can go off-track and deadlines can be missed when team members do not get enough guidance or feedback from leaders. However, this study will seek to investigate the how laissez-faire leadership style can influence employee productivity in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
Bureaucratic Leadership Style: is where the manager manages “by the book” everything must be done according to procedure or policy. If it isn’t covered by the book, the manager refers to the next level above him or her (Blanchard, 2008). This style is found to be ineffective when employees form work habits that are hard to break, if especially the managers are no longer useful, employees lose their interest in their jobs and in their fellow workers and when employees do only what is expected of them and no more (Gastil, 2012).
In this case, Dangote Plc is chosen since there has been employees’ high productivity which could be attributed to the exercise of desirable leadership. A research into the impact of leadership style on employees’ productivity may be necessary in finding the type of leadership style the organization applies and how it affects the employees’ productivity. A good leadership style is expected to direct workers behaviours toward achieving organizational predetermined goals. Therefore, this study investigate how different leadership styles (e.g. autocratic, democratic, liaises faire and bureaucratic) affect employees’ productivity in Dangote Plc, Lagos State. The novelty and contribution of the study to existing knowledge hinge on the fact that no work of this nature has been conducted using Dangote Plc, Lagos State as a case study.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main objective of the study is to establish the impact of leadership on organizational objectives of Dangote Plc, Lagos State. However, to achieve this main objective, the following sub-objectives will be considered;
To assess the impact of autocratic leadership style on employee work quality in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
To investigate the impact of democratic leadership style on employee efficiency in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
To explore the impact of laissez-faire leadership style on employee effectiveness in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
To evaluate the impact of bureaucratic leadership style on employee motivation in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
1.4 Research Questions
The questions of interest in the study are:
To what extent has autocratic leadership style impacted on the employee work quality in Dangote Plc, Lagos State?
What is the impact of democratic leadership style on employee efficiency in Dangote Plc, Lagos State?
What is the impact of laissez-faire leadership style on employee effectiveness in Dangote Plc, Lagos State?
How has bureaucratic leadership style impacted on employee motivation in Dangote Plc, Lagos State?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
Based on the objectives, the following hypotheses were developed in order to make valid conclusions on the subject matter. The hypotheses are expressed in their null form:
There is no significant effect of autocratic leadership style on employee work quality in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
There is no significant impact of democratic leadership style on employee efficiency in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
Laissez-faire leadership style has no significant impact on employee effectiveness in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
Bureaucratic leadership style has no significant impact on employee motivation in Dangote Plc, Lagos State.
1.6. Scope of the Study
The study is limited to the impact of leadership style on employee productivity in Dangote Plc. The study is streamlined to employees’ productivity variables such as employee work quality, employee efficiency, employee effectiveness, employee motivation, and leadership style variables namely autocratic leadership style, democratic leadership style, laissez-faire leadership style and bureaucratic leadership style. The study is to be carried out in Dangote Plc in Lagos State. The unit of analysis of the study is the employees of Dangote Plc, Lagos State at Junior, Middle level, Senior and Management level positions. In addition, the population of the study comprised 3,150 employees of Dangote Plc, Lagos State.