INTERNAL AUDIT AS A TOOL IN ARCHIVING THE ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVE (A CASE STUDY OF AFRO BANK NIGERIAN PLC)
The notion of the auditor being bound or a watchdog is gradually changing for the better as internal auditing has undergone tremendous changes in recent past. The actual functions of the auditor is one surrounded in secrecy or held in some kind of awe.
Major notes of internal auditing have not been clear to the majority of people in the society. In view of numerous corrupt practice, frauds and embezzlement one uncovered by probe tool has one been questioned.
It is the realization of this that I have set out to look critically into internal audit department of Afribank with a view to finding whether effective internal auditing practices ensure effective
control. The mode of appointment, independence and duties of the internal Auditor was looked into an determining whether the internal audit department is being operated as a management or efficiency audit.
The finding shows that internal auditor is not completely independent and mode of operation has a combination of characteristics of various types of auditing especially the operation type of audit.
Nevertheless a high degree of internal control exists in the bank. In consideration of improvement in some area, recommendations are proposed.
The system of controls adopted in any economy greatly determines the development and growth of that economy. To ensure optimization in money, materials machine, time, resource and management of men, controls are essentials.
These controls are installed by many organizations including banks to check how eective
and efficient they maximize their resource. One of such controls
commonly used to minimize wastage and guide plans to their eventual accomplishment is internal auditing. Auditing has been in existence for many years, it
was in ancient Egypt and the great mercantile establishment of the middle ages. This shows that internal auditing can neither be neglected nor under rated in our modern economy for it was borne out of the complexities of modern business climate and transaction involved. In that other management of various large business organizations and government concern recognized internal auditing as a valuable machinery in achieving and objective deemed accurate at a
given point in time.
The term “Audit” is from a Latin word “Audire” which means hr hears. This is because the account of an estate domain were checked by having them called
out of those who complied them to those in authority. With the growth of trade and commerce the need for more accurate method of recording business
activities arose. This, auditing is more a question of he hears but a whole process where by the books of account and vouchers of business entities (including
charities, trusts) are subjected to critical examinations by professionally qualified and independent account (Auditors) on such a detail as will enable them
from an option as to their truth and fairness. The Auditing is the bridge across the creditability gap created by the separation of management from ownership