AN APPRAISAL OF THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF A CHILD IN NIGER STATE
1.1 Background of the Research
The general frameworks within which human rights are protected in Nigeria include the rights of a child which are in Chapter IV of the 1999 CFRN. The Rights to fair hearing and the right to life, the rights to personal liberty and the right to freedom of movement among others, Section 421 prohibits unjustifiable discrimination on basis of ethnic group, place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion2.
We have other legislations that seek to protect the rights of a child, like, Children and Young Persons Act, Criminal Code, Penal Code, Child Rights Act 2003.
In 1996, Nigeria submitted its first report on the implementation of the Child
Rights Convention to the United Nation Committee on the Rights of the Child. One of the major recommendations made by the Committee was to finally ensure the domestication of the Child Rights Convention, as this is necessary for its full implementation in Nigeria3.
- 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
- http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/ijl; 2nd April, 2015 3 Ibid
The United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child came into force on 2nd September, 1990 and The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child came into force in 1999, while Nigeria domesticated the United Nation Convention on the Right of the Child and African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of a Child in 2003. Subsequent upon the domestication of Child Rights Act 2003, the
following states passed their Child Rights Law:
Anambra State 2004, Taraba State 2005, Imo State 2004, Kwara State 2005,
Nasarawa State 2005, Plateau State 2005, Abia State 2006, Ekiti State 2006, Oyo 2006, Osun State 2007, Ogun State 2006, Ondo State 2007, River State 2009, Kogi State 2007, Jigawa State 2007, Lagos State 2007, Edo State 2007, Akwa Ibom State 2008, Delta State 2008, Benue State 2009, Cross River 2009and Ebonyi State 201026 and Niger State being the focus of this research passed the Child Rights Law in 2010.
Although Niger State has passed the Child Rights Law since 2010 but the prevalence level of child abuse within the state is alarming, which shows that either there are fundamental defect in the law or the lack of commitment from those having the responsibility of implementing the law.
The Child Rights Law principally seek to protect the child from all forms of abuses and create an enabling environment for the proper growth of a child. Niger State Child Rights Law provided that “every government, person, institution, service, agency, organization and body responsible for the care and welfare of a child shall, at all times, ensure adequate opportunities for the child in the enjoyment of the rights provided for the child27