A STUDY ON INCIDENT OF URBAN DRIFT IN ENUGU STATE (A CASE STUDY OF AWGU TOWN)
Charles Darwin (1959) the history of man from animals wandering in the wilderness which have no fixed home but moved from one tree to another, from on district to another till he attained the states of homo-sapiens like Darwin all historians of early man like Lamarck (1809). Saw man as a wonder. Thus Karl-Marx (1948) began his easy on man in his famous book “ the communist manifesto” which goes thus “in the beginning was man the wonder who went out to gather fruits of the earth, some gather more than they needed thereby making it impossible fro others to gather what will be enough for themselves. Thereby leading to the origin of the famous slogan which is the situation of Haves and have not’s.
Other historian maintained that man has always been a mover. According to Marine (1990) it is increasingly known that man especially in large numbers move from their homes, villages cities, countries of origin to national boundaries often move to return. Many do so in search of economic opportunities not available at their homes of origin. Others primarily to escape oppressions striate or natural disaster. These extensive population flows are not peculiar to the contemporary world. Maboyuje (1970) noted that Migration in the early fifties also involves movement from rapidly growing to relatively stagnant areas of the economy. Throughout recorded history, such movements have national population, the disparities between rich and poor nations, the conflict between ethics and national groups the conflict between rich and poor nations and the impact of national disasters, we expect these flows to continue.Urban Drift
Man being itinerant, according to Rouch (1954) and Harrison (1967), more for various reasons man move from land of security into place of freedom, which is why we have refuges from somalin, sudanm riveands, Burunadi, Mozamabique etc. into area where they will feel safe. Amn also moves around for academic residing in Awgu town will move to study in places of his choice. Some even move to Europe, America or other places oversees. That mobility in man makes him to come back again to his country of origin for employment opportunities. On the other hand, the socio-economic development of Nigeria since the end of the commercial manufacturing and exporting crops development leading to massive migration which was disrupted during the civil was continued unbaked after the war.
The suptial pattern of migration according to (Simons and Bourne 1978) is the massive flow of population from the rural areas to the major cities which has resulted in the phenomenal growth of the larger cities in most of the developing countries. It is this massive inflow in population from the rural area that impinges most clearly on the life style of the urban dwellers and on the responsibilities of government agencies. The time dimensions of migration varies over a wide continuum of temporary settlements from commate status to permanent at the other5. At any point in time a migration is any one who is to his place of origin. But the nature of being an immigrant changes significantly with the length of residence. It is consequently often convenant to distinguish “Rural migrants with up to perhaps five years of residence from “settled” migrants of higher residence.Urban Drift
Simon and Bourne (1978), have distinguished a number of explanation for the massive flow of rural to urban migration all of which both down to the search for a better life. Rural to urban migration has had a number of significant impacts on the localities of out migrants as well as those of immigrants. One well known aspect of the migration phenomenon is that the bulk of those who migrate are young adults. In some culture, those young adults are passionately male, in some they are more in balance between the sexes and in some female predomination in a situation where the young females move as well as the males, the natural increase of the urban population, is reinforced and the urban problem of education, housing, health and other social services and intensified where the young females tends to stay at home in the village, the children of the rural migrants in the urban labour force remains rural.Urban Drift