This study attempts a critical evaluation of the place of import thesis in African political thought. African political thought is essentially based on African philosophy and culture. It is a frontal attack on the imperial powers of Great Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and the Union of South Africa that deprived the various people of Africa their freedom to self-government. The study maintained that Africa political thoughts guarded Africans through the liberation struggle for independence, as most of the African leaders felt that the pillar of colonialism is capitalism, and capitalism, in turn, restricted them from participating in the processes of production and distribution of resources. The study adopts historical method of data collection, though relaying on secondary sources such as text books, journal article, newspaper, magazines among others. The study concludes that African political thought is a product of African history, culture and personality. It is a history of a people who had an independent way of life until they were gradually incorporated in the 16th century into the European Capitalist world. This incorporation started from mercantile trade and graduated to slave trade, legitimate trade, and finally colonialism. It further-concludes that African political thought is a collective effort of African leaders to challenge colonialism, balkanisation, racism and neo-colonialism, on the one hand and to demand political independence on the other hand.