CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES
This research study is to investigate the conflict management in local government service with particular reference to Ojo local government being the local government use as a case study for this work. Conflict management is very crucial in the achievement of each other actually when there are employers over some issues like condition of work or condition of employment.
The local government, which is the third tier of the executive arm of government, is established to meet the welfare the local people
The ubiquitous presence of conflict can hinder the local government constitutional duties. The activities of various social groups in the local government if not effectively controlled or managed can be costly in terms performance and reputation. The instrument used to carry out this study effectively was the questionnaire which was administered to the staff of Ojo local government area total number of one number (100) questionnaire, were administered which the hypotheses using percentage while the hypothesis was tested with the chi-square statistics.
The result and funding of the study reveal that conflict management in the local government is the fundamental phenomenon that affects the performance of the local government management of its employee.
1.1 Background to Study
Conflict is “an unavoidable aspect of human interaction and an unavoidable concomitant of choices and decisions…The problem, then is not to court the frustrations of seeking to remove inevitability but of trying to keep conflicts in bound” (Zartman, 1991:209). In short, conflict is not an anathema; it is the whole essence of governance. It thus follows that any responsive government has the responsibility of responding to conflicts arising from the operations and activities of the political agents and the political subjects within the political system. In fact, how a government succeeds in this process of conflict management eventually determines the longevity of the regime, and as well determines the intensity and brevity of any social conflict arising within the system.
The political and economic cost of managing a conflict at its formative stage is less expensive than when it is allowed to escalate, for the latter leads to a lot of debilitating outcomes, blockage of the governing process, a widening gap in the state-society relations, outbreak of violence and finally, state collapse. Strictly speaking then, violence is the escalation of conflict. In other words, violence occurs when conflicts are allowed to escalate.
The challenge facing Nigeria and indeed most developing countries under undemocratic governments is that the use of force as an article of faith for managing conflicts has led to the further intensification of conflicts. Apart from competing demands serving as the basis for conflicts, there are other important economic, religious and social factors. In this direction, Mkandawire (1992:6) has argued that “…the economic conjectures have fuelled a whole range of goals including those that are not limited to human rights and ethnic identity”. In the present day Nigeria, conflicts have become a celebrated concept in view of its manifestation in virtually all aspects of human life. It exists very strongly in people’s mind even when it is not physically manifesting (Ekwe-Ekwe, 1990:5-10).
In this paper, the strong notion of conflict will be used instead of the weak. The view that conflict is universal, since every human relation is so characterised constitutes the weak notion of conflict. However, the actual incidents of conflict which do not only exist in the mind but in physical display and manifestations, whereby there are physical exchanges of assaults; expression of
contradictory opinion on issues of policies; serious disagreement between two or more agents; and instances of strained relationships well as calculated attempts by some agents to frustrate the efforts of others in an implicit or explicit manner, altogether constitute the strong notion of conflict used in this paper.