THE EFFECT OF E-GOVERNANCE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN LAND REVENUE SERVICE

THE EFFECT OF E-GOVERNANCE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN LAND REVENUE SERVICE

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE EFFECT OF E-GOVERNANCE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN LAND REVENUE SERVICE

INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCIAL TRANSFER AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCIAL TRANSFER AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Intergovernmental relations involve the relationship, both vertical and horizontal, that exists between the various organs and departments within the sovereign government of a particular country (Akinsanya, 2005). If we take Nigeria for example, inter-governmental relations would mean the relationships existing between the various levels of government from the federal, state to the local government level; between the various ministries, etc (Usman, 2010).

Evidently, finance has emerged as the most critical policy issue in intergovernmental relations in every federal administrative system since the Second World War. A dominant theme in intergovernmental relations studies as noted by Ademolekun (cited in Sam, Eme and Emeh, 2012) is the different attempts made to administer federal finance to the satisfaction of each level of government. In this manner, Danjuma (cited in Sam et al., 2012) opined that the existence of a federal system with its accompanying political units necessitates a revenue sharing arrangement to enable its units to carry its constitutional assigned responsibilities.

Corroborating this stand, Onuoha (2007) stated that in a federation, the logic underlining the allocation of tax powers (revenue resources) does not always tally with the logic underlining the assignment of constitutional responsibilities and that there is always a gap between the revenue obligation and revenue resources to the levels of government. Financial transfers therefore have been evolved as a mechanism for dealing with this imbalance or gap between expenditure obligation and revenue sources.

Nigeria’s model of fiscal federalism represents a fundamental legal and institutional framework for policymaking in the country. As in other federations, it defines the core rules for financial transfers, distribution of responsibilities for service delivery, and mechanisms for interaction between different tiers of government (Angahar, 2013).

In practice however, there exist some degree of decentralization in what is discernable in a federal states hence Ekpo (2004) averred that among the different levels of government, fiscal arrangement must be worked out to ensure fiscal balance in the context of macro-economic stability and this fiscal arrangement is referred to, in a federal structure as fiscal federalism or intergovernmental fiscal relations. Fiscal federalism, according to Nwankwo (2007) is essentially about the allocation of government responsibilities, as well as the sharing of revenue resources among tiers of government.

In determining how these resources are to be shared among the tiers of government, Ofuebe (2005) is of the opinion that these revenues are to be divided according to fixed principles. These principles’ importance has been heightened by its inclusion in section 162(2) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as a major deciding factor. This is because Nigerian fiscal federalism has been problematic. Revenue allocation has generated controversy in recent year and at issue has been the allocation between various tiers of government (vertical allocation) and between resource-rich and resource-poor regions (horizontal allocation). More recently, another dimension has been introduced to the vertical issues, namely the allocation between the resource-rich regions, local government and communities. Debates about the distribution of national resources within federal systems are not peculiar to Nigeria. However, the Nigerian case is unique because the criteria used so far have not enjoyed acceptability.

The fundamental challenges battling community development at the grassroot in Nigeria has been one of lack of finance and its twain demons of poverty and economic hardship which have continue in this 21st century to elude sustainable development at the grassroots (Ojo, 2014).

The need to catalyze balanced development touching the grassroots, maximize citizen’s participation, and arouse government responsive necessitates intergovernmental setup; where the local government serves as a form of political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the grassroots (Agagu in Adeyemi, 2012).

Nigeria’s fiscal federalism arrangements are currently attracting increasing attention from both policy makers and analysts. This is a reflection of the fact that longer term perspectives of economic policy reform in the country are critically dependent upon improvements in the organization of inter-governmental arrangements. Such arrangement shaves direct implications for achieving community development. Simply put, there is a major need to strengthen the incentives of government agencies at all levels of authority to improve cooperation in designing of their policies and delivery of services (Angahar, 2013).

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Financial transfer or the statutory distribution of revenue from the federation account among the different levels of government has been one of the most contentious and controversial issues in the Nigeria’s political life. So contentious has the matter been that none of the formulae evolved at various times by a commission or by decree under different regimes since 1964 has gained general acceptability among the component units of the country.

There are several challenges and contending issues confronting intergovernmental financial transfers and community development in Nigeria: The five principles currently applied in the horizontal revenue allocation formula are far from being acceptable to all the stakeholders. There is usually a lack of correspondence between the spending responsibilities and the tax revenue sources assigned to different levels of government which to a large extent has denied community development across the length and breadth of the country.

Provisions of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria have in all, emphasized vertical interaction among the three levels of government rather than horizontal relationships. This according to Roberts (1999) could impose limitations to the extent of cooperation among the levels of government and instead promote a dependency structure that would promote the inclusive authority model of IGR. Resistance to the evolution of such structure by sub-national levels of government would result in oppositional politics and negative IGR and thereby hindering local council’s financial capacity to provide healthcare facilities, infrastructural amenities or even say service delivery to the people.

Basically, the Nigerian Fiscal Federalism has been bedeviled to the extent that it is 100% scholarly correct to assert that one of the most protracted and controversial debate in Nigerian economy is the way government revenue is shared among the component tiers of government in the country (Uche and Uche, 2004). This debate has its foundation in the chequered history of community development and evolution of Nigerian federalism. Therefore, the need to explore the role of intergovernmental financial transfer and community development at the grassroot in Nigeria at the time being is needful.

Research on intergovernmental financial transfer and community development are very few. In Nigeria, most of the available studies about intergovernmental financial relations such as Akindele & Olaopa (2002), Alo (2012),Angahar (2013), Oluwole (2013) and Nchuchuwe & Adejuwon (2015) were theoretical studies whose findings were subjectively based on researchers’ personal opinions. It is noted that the past studies did not give adequate attention to intergovernmental financial transfer and community development at the grassroot in Nigeria, as well as highlighting effective intergovernmental financial transfer strategy that can stimulate grassroot development in Nigeria. Hence, the undertaking of this research work will fill in the gap by critically exploring intergovernmental financial transfer and community development at the grassroot in Nigeria with a special reference being made to Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

1.3   Objectives of the Study

The major objective of this study will be to assess the link between intergovernmental financial transfer and community development at the grassroot in Nigeria. While other specific objectives of the study include:

i.            To investigate if there is any significant relationship between statutory federal allocation and community development in Nigeria.

ii.            To find out the effect of state statutory allocation to local government and provision of healthcare facilities at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

iii.            To examine the relationship between intergovernmental financial transfer and infrastructural development at the grassroot.

1.4   Research Questions

This study will be guided be the following research questions:

i.            Can there be any significant relationship between intergovernmental financial transfer and community development in Nigeria?

ii.            How will statutory federal allocation impact community development in Nigeria?

iii.            Will intergovernmental financial transfer have an effect on service delivery in Nigeria?

iv.            Is intergovernmental financial transfer significantly related to community development of infrastructural amenities?

1.5   Research Hypotheses

The researcher intends to test the following hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance:

Hypothesis 1:

Ho:   There is no significant relationship between intergovernmental financial transfer and             community development in Nigeria.

HI:There is a significant relationship between intergovernmental financial transfer and           community development in Nigeria.

Hypothesis 2:

Ho:       Intergovernmental financial transfer has no effect on provision of healthcare facilities at    the grassroot level in Nigeria

HI:     Intergovernmental financial transfer has an effect on provision of healthcare facilities at      the grassroot level in Nigeria.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCIAL TRANSFER AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

LEADERSHIP AND GOOD GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

LEADERSHIP AND GOOD GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Many forms of governance, institutions and bureaucracies that were transferred to a majority of African states at independence were, for the most part, ill-adapted to the African realities and the continent’s development challenges (Afegbua, 2012). Therefore, one of the major challenges that have faced African states and particularly Nigeria since the advent of political independence has been that of establishing and sustaining appropriate governance, institutions and practices that would engender democratic leadership and promote sustainable development at the grassroots levels and beyond (Yimer, 2015).

In Africa, in general, leadership and governance have been identified as major problems militating against growth and development in all sectors of the economy and the grassroots levels not being exempted. The need for leadership in any nation or state is very essential. This is because nations or states exist with stated ideologies and leaders are ‘machineries’ for achieving such stated ideologies. Organisational goals will remain unrealistic without a ‘designated individual’ known as leader. As a result, leaders are ‘central instruments’ to any organization. Success or failure of an organization lies in the hand of a leader (Lamidi & Adeyeye, 2013).

One of the major challenges facing Nigeria is how to create a context of stable political and socio-economic environment for policies and programmes to be implemented. The issue of getting the right leadership to fight corruption and propel good governance has been a recurring decimal in Nigeria and Africa in general. Once this enabling environment is created, it becomes easy for the people to confront and resolve challenges facing them by using resources within their environment to create a condition of life where each stage is progressively better than the preceding one. However, this is not the case in Nigeria due to corruption and bad governance. Good governance encapsulates transparency, accountability, freedom of choice and liberty for the people to pursue their individual and corporate interest. Indeed, at the core of Africa’s underdeveloped status are corruption and leadership deficit (Anazodo, Igbokwe-Ibeto & Nkah, 2015:42).

Leadership and good governance are crucial to realizing any giant stride taken in pursuit of development anywhere in the world, Nigeria is not an exception. The reverberation effects of the failure of leadership, corruption and bad governance are visible and being felt down to the grassroots levels of the Nigerian society. Unemployment and employment for cash, insecurity, crude oil thefts, crisis in education, dearth of infrastructures such as health services, transportation, accommodation, communication, medication etc are all common features in Nigeria. It is an irony that of all oil producing nations, Nigeria is the only country with the history of crude oil thefts (Anazodo, Igbokwe-Ibeto & Nkah, 2015:43).

An examination of Nigeria’s socio-economic and political history reveals that many of its leaders over the years have been using the “iron law of oligarchy” which explains the triumph of the leaders’ ambitions for office over the membership’s revolutionary goals (Olayiwola, 2013:43).

The country is confronted with a myriad of problems and challenges that are seemingly defying solutions. Indeed the Nigerian situation is a paradox. Nigeria is a nation blessed with abundant human and natural resources. Yet, 60.9 per cent or 99.3 million live in absolute poverty, and 61.2 per cent live on less than a dollar a day with grassroots dwellers almost neglected and cut off as poverty pervades in the local communities (Essoh & Udoh, 2014).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problem of leadership, governance and its pervasive bearing on social cum economic development in Nigeria is multifaceted. The root cause of inequality, poverty and underdevelopment in Nigeria is attributed to bad leadership. There is nothing basically wrong with the Nigerian character. There is nothing wrong with the Nigerian land, climate, water, air, or anything else. The Nigerian problem is the unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to their responsibility, to the challenge of personal example, which is the hallmark of true leadership (Ijewereme & Dunmade, 2014).

Developmental research indicates that Nigeria is fraught of poor leadership, bad governance, corruption and weak bureaucratic institutions. It is an axiom that since attainment of political independent, Nigeria has never been governed by selfless, truly transformational and intellectually endowed leaders. That is, Nigeria has never selected its best sons to positions of leadership and mediocre leadership can only lead to mediocre government without any serious achievement (Egbefo, 2014; Essoh & Udoh, 2014).

However, in order to curtail this menace and enhance grassroots development, the Nigeria government has taken some steps to address the twin challenges of corruption and bad governance in the country. These measures include public service reform such as monetization to reduce waste and reduction of over bloated personnel, the establishment of anti-corruption enforcement agencies such as the Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC), Independent Corruption and other Practices Commission (ICPC) etc. Despite the establishment of these policies and measures, the situation remains rather worrisome as poor leadership, corruption and bad governance continues to pervade every facet of the society while service delivery at the grassroots levels remains an allusion to behold (Anazodo, Igbokwe-Ibeto & Nkah, 2015:54).

Poor leadership and bad governance have impacted negatively on Nigeria’s democratic stability and her economic development especially at the grassroots levels. This holds to the fact that majority of elected representatives that are meant to steer the affair of the people at the grassroots levels in Nigeria are product of political corruption, they got their party tickets through political godfathers and mandate through election rigging. The implication of all these are mass poverty, unemployment and insecurity that enveloped the local communities. It is against this backdrop that this study seeks to explore the relationship between leadership and good governance at the grassroots levels in Nigeria with a special reference to Ojo LGA of Lagos State (Ebegbulem, 2012).

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major objective of this study is to examine leadership and good governance at the grassroots levels. While other specific objectives are:

1.to examine the effect of leadership on good governance at grassroots levels.

2.to identify the extent of relationship between governance and service delivery at the grassroots levels.

3.to examine the effect of corruption on development at the grassroots levels?

1.4 Research Questions

This research work shall be guided by the following research questions:

1.Is there any significant relationship between leadership and good governance at grassroots levels?

2.What is the relationship between governance and service delivery at the grassroots levels?

3.What is the effect of corruption on development at the grassroots levels?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

Hypothesis 1:

Ho: There is no significant relationship between leadership and good governance at grassroots levels.

Hi: There is a significant relationship between leadership and good governance at grassroots levels.

Hypothesis 2:

Ho: There is no significant relationship between governance and service delivery at the grassroots levels.

Hi: There is a significant relationship between governance and service delivery at the grassroots levels.

Hypothesis 3:

Ho: There is no significant effect of corruption on development at the grassroots levels

Hi: There is a significant effect of corruption on development at the grassroots levels

1.6 Significance of the Study

Previous researchers such as Michael (201), Lamidi and Adeyeye (2013), have been very divergent in their views about the likely connectedness of the concepts of leadership and good governance, this study will therefore be of great significance as it will add to the existing scanty literature. It is anticipated that the analytical, conceptual and empirical studies will be a furtherance of understanding of salient issues relating to leadership and good governance at the grassroots levels in Nigeria. The study will also serve as a useful tool for students of the University of Lagos, who would want to carry out further research in this domain. It would also be useful to public administrators. The study would be significant to policy makers and implementers at large, as they will make use of the findings and recommendations of this study.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

LEADERSHIP AND GOOD GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOTS IN NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF LEGISLATIVE-EXECUTIVE CONFLICTS ON DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

EFFECTS OF LEGISLATIVE-EXECUTIVE CONFLICTS ON DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECTS OF LEGISLATIVE-EXECUTIVE CONFLICTS ON DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

THE ROLE OF ETHICS AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN FOSTERING LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT

THE ROLE OF ETHICS AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN FOSTERING LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE ROLE OF ETHICS AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN FOSTERING LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT

APPLICATION OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN NIGERIA

APPLICATION OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This study examined the application of federal character principle in federal government appointment and its effect on national integration in Nigeria vis-à-vis staffing process in the Nigerian federal public service, issues of nation building, sustainable development in Nigeria, meritocracy and the general problems of applying federal character principle in Nigeria. Descriptive Survey Design was adopted in the study. A total number of ninety nine (99) copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents during the study, while a total of one ninety seven (97) copies were properly filled and returned for the analysis. Inferential statistics of Pearson Correlation was used to test all the hypotheses in order to determine the relationship between the dependent and independent variables in each hypothesis with the aid of the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS 20.0). Test of hypotheses was carried out at 5% level of significance. Among other things the outcomes of the result revealed that federal character principle is significantly related to nation building in Nigeria; federal character principle is adhered to in staffing process in the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) and that the application of federal character principle affects meritocracy infederal government appointment in Nigeria. The study recommended that for the Nigerian Federal civil service to effectively and efficiently meet its objective of rendering public services to the people, merits and qualification should be given first priority in appointment, recruitment and staffing without primordial considerations of ethnical, regional, tribal and religious belonging so as to promote national integration.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

Nigeria a federation of different nations is the most populous country in Africa with a population of over 160 million people. The country is divided into 36 states and 774 local government areas. The religious, ethnic, and cultural diversities of the federating units no doubt make it a unique one. Otite (1990) in Mustapha (2007), identifies 374 ethnic groups which are broadly divided into ethnic ‘majorities’ and ethnic ‘minorities’. The majority ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani of the north, the Yoruba of the southwest, and the Igbos of the southeast.

However, the relationship between these groups is characterized by fear and suspicion of domination of one state or ethnic group by another. Meanwhile, this suspicion and fear between groups is historical. However, it became pronounced when Sir Fredrick Lord Lugard began the process of subjecting ethnic groups with a history of mutual distrust and hatred together as one Nigeria. Remarkably, these ethnic groups are not of equal population and hence some tend to dominate others thus exploiting them. Also, political and economic imbalances exist among these various states or ethnic groups that make up Nigeria. These imbalances arose from the nature and character of the post-colonial Nigerian state. In almost all the sectors, state, ethnic or regions, people feel marginalized. These have brought about a choking competition for federal government appointments among the various ethnic groups which have resulted into ethno-regional conflict and tension that characterize Nigeria since 1960.

The emergence of various militia groups in the Niger Delta, OPC in the South-West, MASSOB in the South East and of recent Boko Haram in the North, are all indications of the existence of rivalries between and among the various groups over the sharing of national cake. These ethnic, regional, and religious divides in the country have become so problematic with resultant patterns of inequalities. These inequalities are caused by a complex range of factors, including history, geography, cultural orientation, religious affiliation, natural resource endowments, current government policies, and past colonial policies. Akinola and Adesopo (2011) in Aderonke (2013) support this argument when they posit that, the problem of ethnic minority has been receiving attention of scholars and practitioners of governance and development. This is because ethnic minority is usually sidelined and ignored by the majority in decision making and resources distribution. The consequence of such politics of exclusion has been agitation and demand for social inclusion, which at times results to violent actions.

In a heterogeneous and deeply divided societies all over the globe attempt to manage their diversities and divisive tendencies through one or combination of policy alternatives in the management of their public services for performance and service delivery has been of great concern in politics and administration globally (Abdullah, 2007). Often times, these policy alternatives turn out to be delicate arrangements, but when carefully conceived, crafted and practiced, it provides opportunity for centre-seeking and centre-fleeing forces to interact peacefully and co-habit on agreed terms. One of such policy alternatives adopted for the management of diversities and ensures even appointment is the Federal Character, which was borne out of the need to ensure national integration in the country (Nzeshi, 2012).

The principle of federal character was formulated and put into use by successive governments in Nigeria to address and hopefully mitigate the problem of diversity so as to ensure a peaceful, stable and united Nigeria. As Ojo (1999) persuasively explained, Federal character principle as an integrative mechanism is defined as fair and effective representation of the various components of the Federation in the country’s position of power, status and influence. He however observed that the principle of federal character touches on array of problems in the political process which includes ethnicity, the national question, minority problem, discrimination based on an indignity, resources allocation, power sharing employment and placement in institution, et cetera. It provides a formula for participation in the governance of the country in such a way that a single section of the country will not dominate another or a segment dominating the rest. Federal character principle sought to give “opportunities in education and employment, usually at the point of entry, to disadvantaged groups and areas to enable them compete and catch up with more advanced areas and sectors of the nation” (Ekeh, 1989:38).

Section 14, subsection 3 of the 1999 constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN) also states that:

The composition of the Government of the Federation or any of its agencies and the conduct of its affairs shall be carried out in such a manner to reflect the federal character of Nigeria and the need to promote national unity, and also to command national loyalty thereby ensuring that there shall be no predominance of persons from a few states or from a few ethnic or other sectional groups in that government or in any of its agencies.

To this end the Federal Character Commission (FCC) was established by act No. 34 of 1996 to implement and enforce the Federal Character Principle of fairness and equity in the distribution of public appointment, socio-economic amenities and infrastructural facilities among the federating units of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The provision of the 1999 constitution of section 14 and 153 also empowers the commission to operate in a democratic setting (Samuel et al., 2012). Therefore, the undertaking of this research will critically assess the application of federal character principle in federal government appointment and its effects on national integration in Nigeria.

This research project is set out to examine critically the application of federal character principle in federal government appointment and its effect on national integration in Nigeria.

1.2 Statement of the problem

Nigeria is a multi-ethnic state, like many sub-Saharan African States. The Northern part of the country is populated by the Hausa’s, the Fulani’s, Kanuri’s, Igala’s, Igbira’s, Idoma’s and many others. The Southern part of the country on the other hand is occupied by the Yoruba’s, the Ibo’s or Igbo, the Ijaws, the Edos, the Ibibio’s, the Urhobo’s and many other small ethnic groupings. Now each of these groups not only inhabits a particular territory or area but also has a distinct language indigenous to them. It was against this background that, when the colonialists came into the country, they met and saw that there was no common language, particularly between and amongst the major ethnic groups and groupings. Another truism about Nigeria is the fact that, she is also a multi – religious state with a substantial population being adherents of Islam (Muslims) Christianity (Christians) and a host of indigenous religions.

In spite of these glaring and obvious differences, the British government unified the various people under a common administration in 1914, one hundred years ago (century). This so called union has been described by a very prominent Nigerian Political Scientist as a “forced brotherhood and sisterhood” Ayoade, (1998:101) thus, the country has since been confronted with the challenges of accommodating diversities, fostering inclusiveness and promoting national unity amongst its diverse ethnic groups that make up the Nigeria’s nation – state.

A fundamental and striking feature of Nigeria politics is the intense elites struggle for power among thedifferent ethnic groups in the country. These struggles have been between the elites from the North and other Southern counterpart. Often, the reasons advanced behind the tension are the fears in the North that the more educated South would predominate state institutions as well as the concerns in the southern part of the country that the contentious more populated North would have an edge in the electoral contests. The zero – sum nature of political competition amongst the elites precipitated a very bloody civil war between 1967 and 1970 (Adeosun, 2011:2). For Orji (2008:125) the soul – searching that followed the civil war reflected in the quest for elite’s consensus on how Nigeria should be governed to ensure political stability and fairness in the distribution of resources as well as federal government appointments among the various ethnic groups that inhabit, or make up the country (Adeosun, 2011:2).

According to Kwanashie (2002), fear has been constant in every tension and confrontation in political Nigeria. Not the physical fear of violence, not the spiritual fear of retribution, but the psychological fear of discrimination, of domination. He further submitted that it is the fear of not getting one’s fair share, one’s dessert. For some time now, the federal public service has come under criticism because its performance left much to be desired, knowing that the Federal public service is a body without which the business of government would be impossible to operate. Many attribute its inefficiency to the adoption of the Federal Character Principle which they believe negates the administrative ethos of merit system, skill, qualification and experience the very elixir of efficiency.

Moreover, the awkward application of the federal character principle tends to pose challenges to administrative effectiveness in Nigeria through the circumscription of merit. Such practice of the principle of federal character in personnel procurement without due regard for merit is more likely to mire efforts at sustainable development in a society. It is on this premise that this study seeks to explore the application of federal character principle on federal government appointment and its effect on national integration in Nigeria with special reference to the Federal Road Safety Commission -FRSC.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The major objective of this study is to assess the application of federal character principle in federal government appointment and its effect on national integration in Nigeria. Other specific objectives of this study are:

i. To examine the relationship between federal character principle and nation building in Nigeria.

ii. To investigate the effect of federal character principle on staffing process in the Nigerian federal public service.

iii. To find out if the application of federal character principle affects meritocracy in federal government appointment.

1.4 Research Questions

The undertaking of this research study will be guided by the following research questions:

i. Is there any relationship between federal character principle and nation building in Nigeria?

ii. Does federal character principle have any effect on staffing process in the Nigerian federal public service?

iii. Will the application of federal character principle affect meritocracy in federal government appointment?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The researcher will test the following research hypotheses in the course of the study:

Hypothesis 1:

Ho: There is no significant relationship between federal character principle and nation building in Nigeria.

H1: There is a significant relationship between federal character principle and nation building in Nigeria.

Hypothesis 2:

Ho: Federal character principle has no effect on staffing process in the Nigerian federal public service.

H1: Federal character principle has an effect on staffing process in the Nigerian federal public service.

Hypothesis 3:

Ho: The application of federal character principle has no significant effect on meritocracy in federal government appointments.

H1: The application of federal character principle has a significant effect on meritocracy in federal government appointments.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

APPLICATION OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN NIGERIA

EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING ON PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES IN PUBLIC SECTOR

EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING ON PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES IN PUBLIC SECTOR

ABSTRACT

The essence of this research has it that manpower planning have been found to be capable of making positive impacts on the development in an organization and the quality life of the people by putting the right kind of employees to perform in an effective and efficiency manner toward the objectives of the organization. This assertion remain uncontestable given to its role its played toward the development of the organizational goals. However, poor level of training and development are attributed to the progress in achieving the organizational goals, it is to this end that this research work is being carried out with a view to identify the effect of manpower planning on productivity of employees in public sector. In gathering data for this work, the research made use of chi-square (X2) statistical techniques. It was found that manpower planning is very important in an organization by making positive impact on employee’s performance and contributing to the growth and development in an organization. The research equally found that employees are motivated to perform better. To this effort, the research recommends that organization should sees manpower planning as the live wire of the organization and to know how to tackle their problems in terms of decision making.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

The aim and objective of any organization is to succeed. For that, the organization must follow laid down procedures that will contribute to the success. These are factors that contribute to the success of any organization. These factors are capital, equipment and manpower. These factors are important but the most relevant factors is the human factor (Human resource). Since it is the people that put the other resources to work, it should be viewed as such by management by giving it due attention in order to achieve its organization goals and objectives.

The manpower planning aimed at ensuring that the right person is available for the right job at the right time. This involves formulating a forward looking plan to ensure that the necessary human effort to make it possible for the survival and growth of the organization. It becomes imperative to develop the employees.

1.2 Statement of the problem

Human resources is considered the most critical to any organizational survival of a truism that adequate supply of material and financial resources that utilize these available resource to being about the desired goals.

However, most organization plans meticulously for their investment in physical and capital resources and these plans are reviewed with utmost attention to detail while rarely to such organization pay attention to human investment in which the capital and equipment will be in vain. Not many organizations consider the necessity for a well defined and sustained training and development for staff in order to upgrade their performance or they are not able to cope financially with training and development programme.

The few organizations that given thought to this very important aspect of staffing functions do so with lack of seriousness, all round attention and continuity. The programmes are carried out not only once in a blue moon but are also lopsided in terms of content and staff participation as a result of this lackadaisical attitude of management toward manpower planning and employee. There had been a progressive decline in the ability of manpower to cope with the challenges that resources management.

These emphases on manpower and employee influenced by the belief that it is now desirable to focus more attention on areas which in the past has been relative neglected because every organization regardless of its size must provide for the needs interest and desire of its employee within the work environment if it is to earn loyalty, dedication, involvement and commitment necessary to compete effectively.

The human factor of production, manpower as it is alternatively called in the early 1960, has increasable been recognize as the most critical resource of the factors without which an effective utilization of all other factors remain a dream. Although it might be tempting to attach more relevance to the availability of physical resources such as capital and equipment undermining that they are mere passive factors of production which depend on human intellectual which is the active agent to exploit them in order to achieve the objective of the organization.

The aim and objectives of setting a company is to make profit and achieve the organizational goal adequate manpower planning and employee programmes should be put in put place to enhance performance. Attend the over unfolding new dispensation in the industry, in the circumstance, what we find is the rise in industrial output is inconsequential in spite of the enormous wake of modern technology that now exist in industrial activities.

The opinion of industry observes that the poor performance of the organization workers follow from their inability to keep abreast with the new technological current as a result of the absence of appropriate and sufficient staff training. It is against the background that the researcher considered the impact of performance manpower and employee on organization performance of this mission. However, the project used Nasarawa Local Government Council as references.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The researcher is not only interested on the study but what should be the objective of the research work. There is every reason as to why research of this nature is carried out at this present dispensation. However, the basic objectives of carrying out a research of this nature is not just for academic exercise but also for creativity and intellectual development and also to be able to identify new discoveries in this area of study.

To conduct an empirical investigation through a review of the manpower planning and employee policy of the council.
To identify some techniques of manpower training and development in the company and their relevance to the company rules and the industry at large.
To highlight the need for manpower planning and employee in the company.
To establish the relationship between personal training and development and staff performance.
To access the staff recruitment, selection and training programmes and from it, establish some relationship between these programme and problem enumerated.
To correct the belief that in this age of computerization and technological development, all that business units need to survive in the acquisition of up-to date capital equipment to the neglects of the power management of its human resources.
To proffer solutions to the identified problems.
1.4 Significance of the study

This research work will be useful to the Nigeria youths and to the community of Nasarawa local government area council. It will serve as a good sources of data or reference for subsequent researchers who may intend to carry out study related to this topic.

It will also help the government and organization in policy making on manpower planning on productivity of employees. Truly the awareness of this work is to create and stimulate productivity of employees in public sector.

1.5 Research questions

Attempts will be made to provide answers to the following research questions:

What is the value of manpower planning on productivity of employee in public sector?
What are the factor responsible for inadequate manpower planning and productivity of employee in public sector?
What are the employee attitudes towards training?
Are there enough qualified manpower planning and productivity of employee in public sector?
What are the methods/criteria used in manpower planning and productivity of employee in public sector?
1.6 Research hypothesis

The following statements of hypothesis are formulated to guide the researcher to use whether there is a relationship between manpower planning and productivity.

Hypothesis one

(Ho): There is no direct relationship between manpower planning and productivity in the local government.

(Hi): There is direct relationship between manpower planning and productivity in the local government.

Hypothesis two

(Ho): Lack of adequate manpower planning and productivity is not directly responsible for high labour turnover.

(Hi): Asdequate manpower planning and productivity is not directly responsible for high labour turnover.

1.7 Scope of the study

The study is aimed at investigating the effect of manpower planning and productivity of employees in public sector as it affects job performance.

The research work covered the effect of recruitment and selection for manpower planning on productivity of employee in public sector in Nasarawa local government council.

1.8 Limitation of the study

This project is limited to the challenges of manpower planning and productivity of employee in public sector with its impacts in Nasarawa local government council. The limitation the researcher had was difficulty in getting necessary information on time because of the responses from the organization was very low. They don’t want to release necessary information pertaining to the data collected, especially in the area of available resources.

Some of the limitations encountered by the researcher during the research of this study are:

Financial constraint: Financial capacity plays a great role in carrying out the study especially with the present economic situation in the country. The cost involve in collecting the needed data in terms of transportation and getting the report typed out were relatively high.
Secrecy: Many respondents were skeptical to reveal certain vital information that was important to the successful completion of the study, which they consider sensitive and private. Also the reference company fails to release certain data for strategic purpose.
Lack of proper record: Lack of proper record keeping by the reference company contributes greatly to the researchers obstacles in gathering accurate data minimally free from error and means that will improve the company overall sale turn over.
Time constraint: The time schedule for the coverage of the study is insufficient for detail collection and analysis of data. This also aggravate with the fact that researcher have some academic work to embark upon.
1.9 Definition of relevant terms

Effects were made at defining the terminologies used during this study to avoid ambiguity and elicit proper understanding.

Manpower: The human resource of a business concerned, these include unskilled, skilled, supervisory and management staff of a company.

Planning: Setting objective and deciding on the best ways of achieving the objectives.

Empirical: Empirical of people or method guided by practical experience rather than by scientific ideas.

Constraint: Restriction

Training: The process of importing new skills, ideas, knowledge and techniques into someone to bring that person to a deserved standard of behavior.

Productivity: is the output one is able to offer to the society or organization as expected achievement.

Employees: it simply refers to worker in an organization, they could be skilled and unskilled employees.

Organization: Can be defined as a group of person’s who form a business, clubs together in order to achieve particular aim.

Performance: Can be defined as the process in performing a task, an action or the act of putting a lot of effort.

Development: This is the acquisition of knowledge and skills that may be used in the present and the future.

Government: Those are the policy maker responsible in the enforcement of policy and decision making in a country.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING ON PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES IN PUBLIC SECTOR

THE NEXUS BETWEEN MODERN MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE 

THE NEXUS BETWEEN MODERN MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE NEXUS BETWEEN MODERN MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE

EFFECTS OF OFFICIAL CORRUPTION ON POLITICO-ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

EFFECTS OF OFFICIAL CORRUPTION ON POLITICO-ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECTS OF OFFICIAL CORRUPTION ON POLITICO-ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL

IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE JONATHAN ADMINISTRATION

IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE JONATHAN ADMINISTRATION

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE JONATHAN ADMINISTRATION

CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON INEQUALITY AND POVERTY AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL IN NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON INEQUALITY AND POVERTY AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The general consensus among economists and policy analysts at the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other international agencies is that corruption is a universal problem, but with more debilitating effects felt in emerging and developing countries, such as those found in Africa, Asia and Middle East (Oyedoyin, 2012). In light of this, Aluko (2009) opined that corruption is a global phenomenon and that, it is not the exclusive preserve of any nation, race or section of the world but transcends national boundaries and frontiers and symbolizes phenomenal universal unwholesomeness of political leadership that often promotes income inequality and endemic poverty.

In Nigeria corruption is a common word used by both adults and children because it is found in every aspect of the country. This monster called corruption has now been nick named in most Nigerian languages especially in the three major languages! Ndokwu (2004) says: the Igbos call it Igbuozu, the Yorubas call it Egunje while the Hausas call it Chuachua. People no longer frown or feel ashamed to engage in corrupt practices! Chuachua/Egunje or Igbuozu is now acceptable and it is possible to hear someone openly complaining that there is no Chuachua, Egunje or Igbuozu at his or her place of work and as such a person might quickly resign if he or she finds another work where there is opportunity for Chuachua. It is as bad as that!

This menance has led to situations like slow movement of files in offices, police exortion of toll fees, port congestion, queues at passport offices and petrol stations, ghost workers syndrome, election irregularities, unprecedented poverty in the land, economic inequality among other socio-economic vices (Dike, 2005: Ngwakwe, 2009:  Aluko, 2009).

Government officials further still corruptly enrich themselves by converting Government money in their custody to their own use, force citizens to pay bribe money, and citizens also induce the officials with bribes to get whatever they want from Government or company offices. Though corruption is found in every society, it is very common in Nigeria, and no one seems to be free from it either as a doer or as a victim (Ucha, 2010).

The need to catalyze balanced development, bridge the inequality gap, reduce the rate of poverty, maximize citizen’s participation, and arouse government responsiveness to the grassroot communities necessitates the creation of the local government. The local government serves as a form of political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the grassroot. The local government is a unit of administration all over the world (Agagu, 2004). Although it is a universal institution, it however exists in different forms and in different political systems. Whatever the form of existence, the local government has been essentially regarded as the path to and guarantor of administrative efficiency, effective service delivery and participatory development (Arowolo, 2005). It is a critical tier of government because of its closeness to the people (Mathias & Rose, 2015). Local government appeals to both the people and government as a feedback institution that relays the opinions and demands of the grassroot to a higher government (Adejo, 2003).

The fundamental challenges battling grassroot development in Nigeria has been one of high level corruption and its twain demons of poverty and economic inequality which have continue in this 21stcentury to inflict untold hardship on the local populace. Government have often initiated and enacted policies to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. But in the face of all these the income inequality between the people at the grassroot and urban areas in Nigeria is remarkably high and thus call for answers. Hence, this study seeks to explore the effect of corruption on inequality and poverty at the grassroot levels in Nigeria.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Literature reveal that despite the establishment of various anti-corruption agencies like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), and Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal (CCB) to wage war against corruption in Nigeria, its magnitude appears to be on the high side. As majority of our people in the towns, villages and communities continue to wallow in abject poverty and absolute economic inequality.

Corruption has impaired hard work, diligence and efficiency. It has caused incalculable damages to the social and political development of Nigeria. It subverts honest selection processes and distorts prices. Furthermore, it weakens institutions, hampers investment and retards economic development. More importantly the resources that should be used for developmental purposes are being diverted from the society to private or personal use. This accumulation of the nation’s economic resources for personal benefits had variously contributed to the leakage of capital from Nigeria for illegal deposits abroad.

The prevalence of these activities in various aspects of our lives has a tremendous adverse effect on the quality of life of this country, our living standards and national psyche. Corruption brings a nation no good. The resources meant for water supply, roads, education, health and other basic and social services that stolen by a handful of this corrupt Nigerians obviously stultify economic and social development, thereby escalating poverty across the length and breadth of the country, with the grassroot communities being the worst hit.

In other words, it has a crowding out effect on the growth and development of the grassroot and by extension the country as a whole. It’s contributing effects on standard of living, poverty and inequality is the more worrying. Nevertheless the extents of these negative effects are yet to be measured and quantified.

Many scholars and researchers on the home front like Ojo (2014), Adawo (2011), Ngara, Esebonu, Ogoh & Orokpo (2014) have at different times carried out studies on corruption, poverty and inequality; but none of these studies have attempted to bring these three variables under one single investigation. It is against this backdrop that this study seeks to carefully examine the effect of corruption on inequality and poverty at the grassroot levels in Nigeria with a special reference to Agege Local Government Area (LGA).

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major objective of this study is to explore the effect of corruption on inequality and poverty at the grassroot levels in Nigeria. Other specific objectives include;

i.To find out if corruption is a predictor of poverty at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

ii.To examine the effect of corruption on income inequality at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

iii.To explore the relationship between corruption and standard of living at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

iv.To determine the effect of corruption on provision of basic amenities at the grassroot levels in Agege LGA.

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The undertaking of this research study was guided by the following research questions;

1.Is corruption a predictor of poverty at the grassroot level in Nigeria?

2.Will corruption have any effect on income inequality at the grassroot level in Nigeria?

3.Is there any relationship between corruption and standard of living at the grassroot level?

1.5     RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

This study will be geared towards testing the following hypotheses;

Hypothesis One

Ho:    Corruption is not a significant predictor of poverty at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

Hi:     Corruption is a significant predictor of poverty at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

Hypothesis Two

Ho:    There is no significant relationship between corruption and income inequality             at the grassroot level in Nigeria.

Hi:      There is a significant relationship and corruption and income inequality at       the grassroot level in Nigeria.

Hypothesis Three

Ho:    Corruption does not have a significant effect on standard of living at the            grassroot level in Nigeria.

Hi:      There is a significant relationship and corruption and income inequality at       the grassroot level in Nigeria.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Previous researchers have been very divergent in their views about the correlate of corruption, inequality and poverty at the grassroot levels in Nigeria; this study will therefore be of great significance as it will add to the already existing literature.

It is anticipated that the analytical, conceptual and empirical studies will enhance the understanding of significant issues on the overlapping effects of corruption on inequality and poverty at the grassroot levels in contemporary Nigeria.

It will also be useful to university students like students of University of Lagos when doing a likely research. The study will also be beneficial to scholars and other researchers who may be interested in studying the relationship between corruption, poverty and inequality at the grassroot level in Nigeria. The findings of the study will further be significant to agencies like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal (CCB), political administrators at the grassroot levels and other policy makers and implementers at large, as they will find the conclusion and recommendations of this result very useful.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON INEQUALITY AND POVERTY AT THE GRASSROOT LEVEL IN NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY:

The general consensus among economists and policy analysts at the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other international agencies is that corruption is a universal problem, but with more debilitating effects felt in emerging and developing countries, such as those found in Africa, Asia and Middle East (Oyedoyin, 2012). In light of this Aluko (2009) opined that corruption is a global phenomenon and that, it is not the exclusive preserve of any nation, race or section of the world but transcends national boundaries and frontiers and symbolizes phenomenal universal unwholesomeness of political leadership.

In Nigeria corruption is a common word used by both adults and children because it is found in every aspect of Nigeria. This monster called corruption has now been nick named in most Nigerian languages especially in the three major languages! Ndokwu (2004) says: the Igbos call it Igbuozu, the Yorubas call it Egunje while the Hausas call it Chuachua. People no longer frown or feel ashamed to engage in corrupt practices! Chuachua/Egunje or Igbuozu is now acceptable and it is possible to hear someone openly complaining that there is no Chuachua, Egunje or Igbuozu at his or her place of work and as such a person might quickly resign if he or she finds another work where there is opportunity for Chuachua. It is as bad as that!

This menance has led to situations like slow movement of files in offices, police exortion of toll fees, port congestion, queues at passport offices and petrol stations, ghost workers syndrome, election irregularities, among others (Dike, 2005, Ihenacho, 2004, Oliyide and Odeku, 2002 and Oloja 2002 in Aluko, (2009).

Government officials further still corruptly enrich themselves by converting Government money in their custody to their own use, force citizens to pay bribe money, and citizens also induce the officials with bribes to get whatever they want from Government or company offices. Though corruption is found in every society, it is very common in Nigeria, and no one seems to be free from it either as a doer or as a victim.

The need to catalyze balanced development, maximize citizen’s participation, and arouse government responsive necessitates the creation of the local government. The local government serves as a form of political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the grassroots. The local government is a unit of administration all over the world (Agagu, 2004). Although it is a universal institution, it however exists in different forms and in

different political systems. Whatever the form of existence, the local government has been essentially regarded as the path to and guarantor of administrative efficiency, effective service delivery and participatory development (Arowolo, 2005). It is a critical tier of government because of its closeness to the people (Gboyega, 1987). Local government appeals to both the people and government as a feedback institution that relays the opinions and demands of the grassroots to a higher government (Adejo, 2003).

Odey (2002) opined that corruption in Nigeria is as the air which every living person breathes in and out, According to him, nobody makes any effort to breathe in the air, it comes naturally. Corruption in Nigeria has become so naturalized that’ many of us simply become corrupt without making any effort and often even without knowing it. It is in light of this that the research is posed to examine the Effects of Corruption on Local Government Administration in Nigeria with a special reference to Alimosho Local Government Area (LGA).

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM:

Empirical literature indicate that despite the establishment of various anti-corruption agencies like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), and Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal(CCB) to wage war against corruption in Nigeria, its magnitude appears to be on the high side. Corruption has impaired hard work, diligence and efficiency. It has caused incalculable damages to the social and political development of Nigeria. It subverts honest selection processes and distorts prices. Furthermore, it weakens institutions, hampers investment and retards economic development. More importantly the resources that should be used for developmental purposes are being diverted from the society to private or personal use. This accumulation of the nation’s economic resources for personal benefits had variously contributed to the leakage of capital from Nigeria for illegal deposits abroad.

The prevalence of these activities in various aspects of our lives has a tremendous adverse effect on the quality of life of this country, our living standards and national psyche. Corruption brings a nation no good. The resources meant for water supply, roads, education, health and other basic and social services that are captured and stolen by a handful of Nigerians through corrupt acts stultify economic and social development hence creeping poverty all over the place (Ekwueru & Daminabo, 2008).

In other words, it has a crowding out effect on the growth and development of the country. It’s contributing effects on poverty and poor infrastructural development is the more worrying. Nevertheless the extents of these negative effects are yet to be measured and quantified. It is against this background that this study is inspired. The study intends to examine the extent and the magnitude of the effect of Corruption on Local Government Administration in Nigeria and draw up policy recommendations for the eradication of Corruption in Nigeria.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

The major objective of this study is to examine the effect of Corruption on Local Government administration in Nigeria. Other specific objectives include;

1. To assess the effect of corruption on local government administration in Nigeria.

2. To investigate the effect of bribery and corruption on community service delivery in Alimosho Local Government Area.

3. To examine the effect of corruption on council’s tax revenue generation.

4. To find out if poor salary scheme promotes corruption in Alimosho LGA.

5. To find out the effect of corruption on economic growth and development in Nigeria.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS:

The undertaking of this research project will beam a searchlight on the following research questions;

1. What is the effect of corruption on local government administration in Nigeria?

2. What is the effect of bribery and corruption on community service delivery in Alimosho Local Government Area?

3. What is the effect of fraud on council’s tax revenue generation?

4. Does Poor salary scheme promotes corruption in Alimosho LGA?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES:

The researcher intends to test the following hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance;

Hypothesis One:

Ho: There is no significant effect of corruption on local government administration in Nigeria.

Hi: There is a significant effect of corruption on local government administration in Nigeria.

Hypothesis Two:

Ho: Bribery and corruption has no effect on community service delivery in Alimosho Local Government Area.

Hi: Bribery and corruption has an effect on community service delivery in Alimosho Local Government Area.

Hypothesis Three:

Ho: There is no significant relationship between fraud and council’s tax revenue generation.

Hi: There is a significant relationship between fraud and council’s tax revenue generation.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA

EFFECT OF CORRUPTIVE PRACTICES ON SUSTAINABLE GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

EFFECT OF CORRUPTIVE PRACTICES ON SUSTAINABLE GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study:

Corruption is a global phenomenon. It is not the exclusive preserve of any nation, race or section of the world but transcends national boundaries and frontiers and symbolizes phenomenal universal unwholesomeness politically (Aluko, 2009 in Iyanda, 2012). Corruption is no doubt a global phenomenon that has threatened and still continues to threaten the developmental efforts in many nations; particularly the developing countries of the world (Kayode, Adagba and Anyio, 2013).

In Nigeria corruption is a common word used by both adults and children because it is found in every aspect of Nigeria. This monster called corruption has now been nick named in most Nigerian languages especially in the three major languages! Ndokwu (2004) says: the Igbos call it Igbuozu, the Yorubas call it Egunje while the Hausas call it Chuachua. People no longer frown or feel ashamed to engage in corrupt practices! Chuachua/Egunje or Igbuozu is now acceptable and it is possible to hear someone openly complaining that there is no Chuachua, Egunje or Igbuozu at his or her place of work and as such a person might quickly resign if he or she finds another work where there is opportunity for Chuachua. It is as bad as that! (Iyanda, 2012).

This menance has led to situations like slow movement of files in offices, police exortion of toll fees, port congestion, queues at passport offices and petrol stations, ghost workers syndrome, election irregularities, among others (Dike, 2005, Ihenacho, 2004 in Aluko (2009).

The fundamental challenges battling grassroots development in Nigeria has been one of high level corruption and its twain demons of poverty and economic hardship which have continue in this 21stcentury to elude sustainable development at the grassroots (Ojo, 2014).

The need to catalyze balanced development touching the grassroots, maximize citizen’s participation, and arouse government responsive necessitates the creation of the local government. The local government serves as a form of political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the grassroots. The local government is a unit of administration all over the world (Agagu, 2004 in Adeyemi, 2012).

Although it is a universal institution, it however exists in different forms and in different political systems. Whatever the form of existence, the local government has been essentially regarded as the path to and guarantor of administrative efficiency, effective service delivery and participatory development (Arowolo, 2005). According to Odo (2014) local government is a critical tier of government because of its closeness to the people. Local government appeals to both the people and government as a feedback institution that relays the opinions and demands of the grassroots to a higher government (Adeyemi, 2012).

In Nigeria, eradicating corruption has been a major concern of successive government in the country because of its association with sustainable development at the grassroots (Kayode et al., 2013).

Odey (2002) opined that corruption in Nigeria is as the air which every living person breathes in and out, According to him, nobody makes any effort to breathe in the air, it comes naturally. Corruption in Nigeria has become so naturalized that’ many of us simply become corrupt without making any effort and often even without knowing it. It is in light of this that the research is posed to explore the effect of Corruptive Practices on Sustainable Grassroots Development in Nigeria with a special reference to Iba Local Council Development Area (LCDA).

1.2 Statement of Problem:

Literature reveal that despite the establishment of various anti-corruption agencies like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), and Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal (CCB) to wage war against corruption in Nigeria, its magnitude appears to be on the high side.

Corruption has impaired hard work, diligence and efficiency. It has caused incalculable damages to the social and political development of Nigeria and the grassroots in particular. It subverts honest selection processes and distorts prices. Furthermore, it weakens institutions, hampers investment and retards sustainable economic development. More importantly the resources that should be used for developmental purposes are being diverted from the society to private or personal use. This accumulation of the nation’s economic resources for personal benefits had variously contributed to the leakage of capital from Nigeria for illegal deposits abroad.

The prevalence of these activities in various aspects of our lives has a tremendous adverse effect on the quality of life of this country, our living standards and national psyche. Corruption brings a nation no good. The resources meant for water supply, roads, education, health and other basic and social services that are captured and stolen by a handful of Nigerians through corrupt acts stultify economic and social development hence creeping poverty all over the place (Ekwueru & Daminabo, 2008).

In other words, it has a crowding out effect on the growth and development of the country. It’s contributing effects on poverty and absence of infrastructural development at the grassroots is the more worrying. Nevertheless the extents of these negative effects are yet to be measured and quantified. It is against this background that this study seeks to examine the extent and the magnitude of the effect of corruptive practices on sustainable grassroots development in Nigeria and draw up policy recommendations for the eradication of Corruption in Nigeria.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major objective of this study is to examine the effect of corruptive practices on sustainable grassroots development in Nigeria. Other specific objectives include;

1. to examine the effect of bribery and corruption on developmental projects at the grassroots level in Lagos State.

2. to find out if poor salary scheme and weak law enforcement mechanisms promote corruption in Nigeria.

3. to find out if administrative fraud in Iba LCDA constitute a barrier to effective resource mobilization and allocation

4.to find out if corruption leads to poor service delivery in Iba LCDA

1.4 Research Questions

The undertaking of this research project will beam a searchlight on the following research questions;

1. What is the effect of bribery and corruption on developmental projects at the grassroots level in Lagos State?

2. Could poor salary scheme and weak law enforcement mechanism be responsible for the spread ofcorruption in Nigeria?

3. Will corruption lead to poor service delivery in Iba LCDA?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The researcher intends to test the following hypotheses at 0.5 level of significance;

Hypothesis One:

Ho: Bribery and corruption do not have any effect on developmental projects at the grassroots level in Lagos State

Hi: Bribery and corruption have an effect on developmental projects at the grassroots level in Lagos State

Hypothesis Two:

Ho: Poor salary scheme and weak law enforcement mechanisms are not responsible for the spread of corruption in Nigeria

Hi: Poor salary scheme and weak law enforcement mechanisms are responsible for the spread of corruption in Nigeria

Hypothesis Three:

Ho: There is no significant relationship between corruption and poor service delivery in IbaLCDA

Hi: There is a significant relationship between corruption and poor service delivery in Iba LCDA

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

EFFECT OF CORRUPTIVE PRACTICES ON SUSTAINABLE GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

E-GOVERNMENT AND INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUES IN NIGERIA

E-GOVERNMENT AND INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUES IN NIGERIA

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

E-GOVERNMENT AND INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUES IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE ON THE SUSTENANCE OF CIVIL SERVICE

THE EFFECT OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE ON THE SUSTENANCE OF CIVIL SERVICE

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE EFFECT OF FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE ON THE SUSTENANCE OF CIVIL SERVICE

THE EFFECT OF HEALTH POLICY ON NATIONAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF HEALTH POLICY ON NATIONAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE EFFECT OF HEALTH POLICY ON NATIONAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA

LEADERSHIP AND DEVELOPMENT CRISIS IN NIGERIA

LEADERSHIP AND DEVELOPMENT CRISIS IN NIGERIA

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

LEADERSHIP AND DEVELOPMENT CRISIS IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE ON EFFICIENT SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE ON EFFICIENT SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

TABLE CONTENTS

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and interpretaion of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE ON EFFICIENT SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS AN INSTRUMENT OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS AN INSTRUMENT OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT

The topic of this study is the Role of Local Government in National Development (A case Study of Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu State).
This research work is aimed at finding out the role of Local government in achieving National development.
However, the researcher sourced his data through questionnaires, textbooks and government publications. The reliability of the instrument was tested and proved reliable.
Based on the findings of the researcher, the following recommendations were made.
1. Aninri Local Government should be able to enlighten the residents on the council’s role and objective so as to make them aware of what is going on around them.
2. The council should device means of eradicating official corruption and enhance accountability
3. The financial allocation from both state and federal to the council should be increased
4. The condition of service of the council should be enhanced in order to attract and retain more competent and highly qualified performance on the service
5. The council should be professionalized.
CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 
Local Government exists to fill the gap, which the national government is too remote to fill. This means that local government complements and extends the national government. It has been recognized as one important instrument for rural transformation and for the delivery of social services development has passed through some stages of reforms since its evolution.
In Nigeria, local government as the third tier of government nearest to the people has been recognized as an institution capable of transforming the are’s of the rural inhabitant .
Consequently, there has been continuous attempts either to create new local governments or lamp the existing ones in the country with the objective of utilizing them as fulcrums for achieving national development.
There has been an increasing upsurge of interest in the literature of development administration and in planning circles on the positive role local government could play in national development. The emphasis is in terms of using local government as a strategic instrument for fostering, promoting and implementing national development projects.

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 
Local government administration is used as a form of devolution of powers of the state. It is the government at the grass root level that is designed to serve as instrument of rural transformation and development to the society in general.
Local government in Nigeria plays immense role especially in promoting, co-ordinating and providing community amenities as well as encouraging greater mass participation and involvement in the running of local government affairs and the use of local resources to the optional level. From ideological perspective, local government for tiers the principle of democracy as local government rings government nearer to the people and if properly designed gives room for mass participation in governance.
Furthermore, local government are designed to achieve multi-dimensional goals in terms of economic, social and political development local government, which is the focus of this write up is responsible for the provision of basic community requirements. To achieve its objective, Aninri Local Government should be adequately funded, and manned by well trained, dedicated personnel.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The creation of Aninri local government in 1996 by the military government under late General Sani Abacha’s administration was meant to bring development to the doorsteps of the various communities Viz. Ndeaboh, Mpu, Okpanku, Oduma and Nenwe. It is important to sate that local government should not be abandoned while drafting the constitution in order to strengthen the importance to national development. The autonomy of the local government should be recognized to enable it serve as effective third tier of government as stated in the constitution.
Aninri Local government has not been granted enough financial status and power to sustain itself and be able to provide welfare services. Again, community dwellers hardly assist the local government in implementing government projects and this is serious set back to the delivery of qualitative and qualitative services to the local communities.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 
The creation of local government by the federal or state government is to bring government closer to the people and also foster the development of the local citizenry
The following are the objective of this study;
1. To ascertain whether Aninri local government council is able to accelerate development in terms of national development
2. To find out whether corruption among Aninri local government personnel affected the execution of community development projects.
3. To examine whether lack of adequate finance has hindered national development in Aninri local government area.
All these will be assessed and examined in order to ascertain those things that are likely going to act as a cog on the course of implementing national programmes in the local government.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Having surveyed the objectives of this study, the following research question arises.
1. Has lack of adequate financing hindered national development in Aninri local government area?
2. Has Aninri local government council been able to effectively mobilize the rural people in terms of national development project?
3. How has corruption among Aninri local government personnel adversely affected national development projects in the area.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 
The essence of this project is to contribute to knowledge in bringing a general awareness of the people in relation to national development to the local government. One major task I wish t pursue is to help through this research study to present an impartial report of the performance of Aninri local government.
It is also hoped that recommendations of his report will assist government at all levels in implementation their development programmes.
More so, this project work will also e useful to the civil servants especially those at the administrative positions in formulating and implementing government policies and programmes. Political office holders will also find this document useful in tacking the challenges of policy implementation.
Furthermore, the result of this study would assist both the federal, state and local government in meeting the aspirations and needs of the people particularly in the rural area.
Finally, this study could be a basic on which further research may be carried out.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research is actually to ascertain the role of local government in national development in Nigeria. Thus, the researcher selected Aninri local government area he could conveniently cover.

1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 
The researcher however, encountered series of problems in the course of carrying out this study such problems include.
a. Data collection: many respondents could not feel free to express their opinion
b. Shortage of fund: lack of adequate fund for carrying out this research work also constitute problem
c. Time frame to go to the field, libraries and write the report and submit at the required time also constitutes problems to the researcher. In spite of all these problems or hindrances, the researcher did his best.

REFERENCES
Okoli, F.C (2000), Theory and Practice of Local Government: A Nigeria Perspective Enugu, John Jacob’s Classic Publishers Ltd.
Okolie, D.O. (2006), Local Government Administration in Nigeria: Concepts and Application, Enugu.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS AN INSTRUMENT OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT