DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ONLINE CAMPUS VOTING SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF STUDENT UNION GOVERNMENT (SUG) UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION
1.1 Background of the Study
Elections form a critical process in democratic systems and application of information technologies to their management is a great milestone towards realizing effectiveness and efficiency not only in the results of the election process itself but also in the financial implications that come up with the process.
University of Ibadan, one of best and oldest universities in Nigeria needs a computerized management of student union elections due to the shortcomings in the ‘human clerk ‘electioneering system. The various drawbacks of a traditional electioneering system are mainly collusion between the electronic officials and contestants, the queuing time, delayed results, overworked tallying officials and the undeniable fact of human errors. The existing voting system did not provide reliable statistics on voting history in the university and thus campaigners lacked the ground to apply scientific voter forecasting methods resolving to trial and error methodologies which are error prone and inconsistent.
Reinforcing a one voter one vote policy is difficult in such a situation and malpractices as rigging are not uncommon in human clerk system.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The traditional human clerk mechanisms employed in the management of electioneering procedures at the university were not foolproof and were prone to inconsistencies, election malpractices and untimely delivery of results leading to questions at to the credibility and validity of the results the returning officer announces. Much expense was in incurred in the production, transportation, storage and destruction of the ballot papers and ballot boxes
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The aim of this project is to develop a database for voters’ in various departments of the Univeristy which will in turn help the electioneering committee of the Student Union Government to conduct a free and fair election using electronic machines. To replace the current inefficient manual system of voting in the Univerisyt. To ensure credibility in elections by preventing double voting, this system will also help the student union government reduce the huge costs incurred in conducting elections.